Peace and Development 2020 - An analysis of current experiences and insights

The study "Frieden und Entwicklung 2020" (Peace and Development 2020) analyses current develop­ments, experiences and challenges and derives practice-oriented recommen­dations for German and inter­national development cooperation. It was created as part of a depart­mental research project for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Develop­ment (BMZ). Metho­dologically, the analysis is based on 30 interviews with experts from different regions of the world and supple­ments these on the basis of an evaluation of policy documents and the relevant re­search literature.

Wolff, Jonas / Witt, Antonia / Stappenbeck, Jens / Schnabel, Simone / Peez, Anton / Junk, Julian / Coni-Zimmer, Melanie / Christian, Ben / Birchinger, Sophia / Bethke, Felix S. (2020):

Frieden und Entwicklung 2020. Eine Analyse aktueller Erfahrungen und Erkenntnisse.

Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (HSFK/PRIF): Frankfurt a.M.

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The analysis confirms the positive relation­ship between develop­ment and peace in principle and specifies that inclusion is the central bridge between the two. At the same time, however, the connections between develop­ment and peace processes prove to be complex, sometimes contra­dictory and not following a linear logic. A problem in this context is the currently observed narrowing of the political debate, which under­stands the develop­ment-peace nexus primarily in terms of a reactive stabi­lization of social and political conditions - with problematic conse­quences for a nexus-oriented peace development policy.

The report's recommen­dations concern two over­arching themes:

1. Anyone who wants to take the development-peace nexus seriously, is well advised to understand peace­building as a trans­formation project. A nexus-oriented develop­ment cooperation should therefore be geared towards the flexible support of long-term transfor­mation processes. This demands risk awareness and a willingness to take risks and requires high context-specific analytical skills and capacities.

2. Established goals and strategies must be consistently imple­mented. Overall, international engagement in peace­building suffers less from a lack of knowledge than from an implemen­tation deficit. This applies firstly to the primacy of prevention, the implemen­tation of which requires appropriate strategic decisions, concrete ob­jectives and sufficient financial resources. A second central postulate concerns an age-old issue of develop­ment cooperation: coherence. Coherence must be estab­lished at all levels (on the part of the donor country, inter­nationally and "on the ground" in states affected by conflicts). This calls for new organi­sational designs and institutional changes,if there is to be a serious effort to put the truncated maxim of coherence into practice.

More information on the project Development for Peace, Peace for Develop­ment - An analysis of current developments, experiences and challenges.


Dr. Jonas Wolff

Tel.: 069 - 959104-49
E-Mail: wolff @hsfk .de


Dr. Julian Junk

Tel.: 030 - 206049120
E-Mail: junk @hsfk .de