Peace and Development 2020 - An analysis of current experiences and insights
The study "Frieden und Entwicklung 2020" (Peace and Development 2020) analyses current developments, experiences and challenges and derives practice-oriented recommendations for German and international development cooperation. It was created as part of a departmental research project for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Methodologically, the analysis is based on 30 interviews with experts from different regions of the world and supplements these on the basis of an evaluation of policy documents and the relevant research literature.
Wolff, Jonas / Witt, Antonia / Stappenbeck, Jens / Schnabel, Simone / Peez, Anton / Junk, Julian / Coni-Zimmer, Melanie / Christian, Ben / Birchinger, Sophia / Bethke, Felix S. (2020):
Frieden und Entwicklung 2020. Eine Analyse aktueller Erfahrungen und Erkenntnisse.
Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (HSFK/PRIF): Frankfurt a.M.
The analysis confirms the positive relationship between development and peace in principle and specifies that inclusion is the central bridge between the two. At the same time, however, the connections between development and peace processes prove to be complex, sometimes contradictory and not following a linear logic. A problem in this context is the currently observed narrowing of the political debate, which understands the development-peace nexus primarily in terms of a reactive stabilization of social and political conditions - with problematic consequences for a nexus-oriented peace development policy.
The report's recommendations concern two overarching themes:
1. Anyone who wants to take the development-peace nexus seriously, is well advised to understand peacebuilding as a transformation project. A nexus-oriented development cooperation should therefore be geared towards the flexible support of long-term transformation processes. This demands risk awareness and a willingness to take risks and requires high context-specific analytical skills and capacities.
2. Established goals and strategies must be consistently implemented. Overall, international engagement in peacebuilding suffers less from a lack of knowledge than from an implementation deficit. This applies firstly to the primacy of prevention, the implementation of which requires appropriate strategic decisions, concrete objectives and sufficient financial resources. A second central postulate concerns an age-old issue of development cooperation: coherence. Coherence must be established at all levels (on the part of the donor country, internationally and "on the ground" in states affected by conflicts). This calls for new organisational designs and institutional changes,if there is to be a serious effort to put the truncated maxim of coherence into practice.