The establishment of a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Free Zone (WMDFZ) in the Middle East remains an urgent item on the international agenda. But which approach has the best prospects of success? How should the international community and states in the region address the issue in order to make the Middle East a more secure place, and what lessons should be learned from past initiatives in this area to avoid the collapse of the current UN process? Manuel Herrera Almela presents the positions of the most relevant states in the Middle East in terms of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and then analyses the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which has been the only successful attempt to contain WMD in the region to date. He concludes that while the JCPOA is not a blueprint for the establishment of a WMDFZ, it provides many ideas and steps for confidence-building measures that can pave the way for future negotiations.
Manuel Herrera Almela is a researcher in the Multilateralism and Global Governance programme at the International Affairs Institute (IAI) in Rome (Italy), where he coordinates the Institute’s activities within the EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Consortium (EUNPDC) and conducts research activities in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. In 2022, he was a visiting researcher at PRIF for three months.
Download: Herrera Almela, Manuel (2022): Regionalising the JCPOA: The Iranian Nuclear Deal as a Guideline for a WMD Free Zone in the Middle East?, PRIF Report 13/2022, Frankfurt/M, DOI: 10.48809/prifrep2213