After the terrorist attacks in September 2001, India did not hesitate to declare absolute solidarity with the United States. Same enemies (China, Islamist terror), same values – this could be a perfect friendship. Harald Müller and Andreas Schmidt define in their HSFK-Report “Natürliche Freunde”? Die Beziehungen zwischen den USA und Indien ab 2001 (Natural Allies? The relations between the United States and India after 2001) the limits of this friendship.