HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Thu, 17 Oct 2019 19:44:15 +0200 Thu, 17 Oct 2019 19:44:15 +0200 news-6826 Thu, 17 Oct 2019 12:53:29 +0200 First SDG report ignores political violence https://blog.prif.org/2019/10/17/blindspot-konflikt-der-erste-global-sustainable-development-report-ignoriert-ein-zentrales-querschnittsthema/ It is only seen as an "interfering factor" – Simone Schnabel and Ben Christian on PRIF Blog (in German). news-6822 Thu, 10 Oct 2019 11:32:02 +0200 Turkey’s invasion of Northern Syria has begun https://blog.prif.org/2019/10/10/turkeys-invasion-of-northern-syria-has-begun/ The international community should do more than just ask for restraint [PRIF Blog] news-6820 Tue, 08 Oct 2019 14:53:10 +0200 Violence against foreigners in South Africa https://blog.prif.org/2019/10/08/xenophobic-violence-and-spatial-inequality-in-south-africa/ How spatial inequality contributes to xenophobic violence [PRIF Blog] news-6815 Wed, 02 Oct 2019 15:55:29 +0200 Commemorating Mahatma Gandhi's 150. Birthday https://www.hsfk.de/en/about-us/commemorating-mahatma-gandhis-150-birthday/#c2841 The Indian Consulate and PRIF celebrate the anniversary of the renowned role model for peaceful resistance news-6811 Mon, 30 Sep 2019 08:46:03 +0200 Gutachten zur Friedens- und Konfliktforschung https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/gutachten-zur-friedens-und-konfliktforschung/ Wissenschaftsrat empfiehlt Ausbau der Friedensforschung - Stellungnahme der Konferenz der hess. Hochschulpräsidien veröffentlicht Das Gutachten des Wissenschafts­rates war auf Bitten des Deutschen Bundes­­tages vom Bundes­­ministerium für Bildung und Forschung in Auftrag gegeben worden, um das Forschungs­feld "Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung" zu evaluieren. Es betonte die unverzichtbare Rolle der Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung "zum Verständnis und zur Bearbeitung großer gesell­schaftlicher Herausforderungen" und bescheinigte dem Land Hessen überzeugende Expertise mit großem Potenzial.

Die Konferenz Hessischer Hochschul­präsidien (KHU) hat sich nun mit dem Gutachten auseinander­gesetzt und sieht sich in ihrer Strategie bestätigt, universitäre und außeruni­versitäre Forschung eng zu vernetzen und damit disziplin­übergreifende Synergie­effekte zu fördern. Ausdrücklich begrüßt hatte das Gutachten verschiedene Projekte und Initiativen, die in enger Zusammenarbeit hessischer Universitäten mit der HSFK durchgeführt werden. Hervorgehoben wurden zum Beispiel der geplante Leibniz-Wissenschafts­Campus zur Transformation poiltischer Gewalt, der Kooperations­master­studiengang "Internationale Studien/­Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung" oder der Aufbau des deutsch-kolumbianischen Friedens­instituts CAPAZ.

Angemahnt hatte das Gutachten den Ausbau der technisch-naturwissen­schaft­lichen Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung. Dieses Desiderat möchte die KHU gerne umsetzen. So starten die Hochschulen gemeinsam mit der HSFK eine Initiative, um eine weitere Professur im Bereich technisch-naturwisssen­schaftlicher Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung zu schaffen.
 

Weiterführende Informationen:

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news-6809 Thu, 26 Sep 2019 16:13:34 +0200 Learning artificial intelligence in arms control https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/learning-artificial-intelligence-in-arms-control-1/ PRIF Report 04/2019 by Nico Lück on the capabilities of artificial intelligence in weapon systems and as a tool for verification [in German] Künstliche Intelligenz, insbesondere selbstlernende KI, ist in aller Munde: auch in der Rüstung spielen solche Systeme eine zunehmend größere Rolle: Manche Waffensysteme sind bereits in der Lage, Ziele eigenständig zu identifizieren und zu bekämpfen. Dies stellt die klassische Rüstungskontrolle zunächst vor Probleme, denn ihre Verfahren sind auf die Regulierung physischer Gegenstände wie Raketen und Sprengköpfe und deren innerer Funktionsweise ausgelegt. Auch weitere wichtige Effekte einer verlässlichen Kontrolle wie Vertrauensbildung und Stabilisierung von diplomatischen Beziehungen werden erschwert. Solchen Risiken muss sich die Rüstungskontrolle stellen.

Nico Lück zeigt im PRIF Report 4/2019 „Lernende künstliche Intelligenz in der Rüstungskontrolle" sowohl die Risiken durch neue Funktionsweisen von KI, als auch Chancen von KI als Werkzeug in der Verifikation auf.

Download pdf (1,6MB): Lück, Nico (2019): Lernende Künstliche Intelligenz in der Rüstungskontrolle, PRIF Report 4/2019, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6805 Wed, 25 Sep 2019 12:00:50 +0200 Turkey and the “so-called” Armenian Genocide https://blog.prif.org/2019/09/24/turkey-and-the-so-called-armenian-genocide-the-politics-of-denial-in-european-and-domestic-affairs/ Denial and (Non)Recognition still fuel political tensions [PRIF Blog] news-6802 Thu, 19 Sep 2019 13:11:33 +0200 25th anniversary of the Hessian Peace Prize https://blog.prif.org/2019/09/20/podcast-003-25-jahre-hessischer-friedenspreis/ Review of the founding history and the awardees - Podcast with former Minister of State Karl Starzacher and Bruno Schoch (in German) news-6800 Thu, 19 Sep 2019 09:57:36 +0200 ECOWAS summit in Burkina Faso https://blog.prif.org/2019/09/18/ecowas-sondergipfel-in-burkina-faso-es-braucht-mehr-kooperation-als-die-g5-sahel/ More cooperation needed than the G5 Sahel - PRIF blog article by Simone Schnabel [in German] news-6796 Tue, 17 Sep 2019 09:55:09 +0200 US Democracy Promotion after the Cold War https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/us-democracy-promotion-after-the-cold-war/ Stability, Basic Premises, and Policy Towards Egypt. Doctoral thesis by Annika E. Poppe published by Routledge. ­Annika Elena Poppe’s dissertation explores the often assumed but so far not exa­mined propo­sition that a parti­cular U.S. cul­ture in­fluences U.S. foreign policy behavior or, more concretely, that widely shared basic assump­tions em­braced by mem­bers of the U.S. ad­ministration have a notable impact on foreign policy-making.

Publicly professed beliefs re­garding America’s role in the world and about demo­cracy’s uni­versal appeal – despite much contes­tation – go to the heart of U.S. natio­nal iden­tity. Em­ploying extensive foreign policy text analysis as well as using the case study of U.S.-Egyptian bi­lateral rela­tions during the Clinton, Bush junior, and Obama administrations, it shows that basic assumptions matter in U.S. demo­cracy promotion in general, and the book operationa­lizes them in detail as well as employs qualita­tive content analysis to assess their validity and variation.

The research presented lies at the inter­section of International Relations, U.S. foreign policy, regional studies, and demo­cracy promotion. The specific focus on the domestic ‘cultural’ angle for the study of foreign policy and this dimension’s operationalization makes it a creative crossover study and a unique contribution to these overlapping fields.

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news-6793 Wed, 04 Sep 2019 13:30:15 +0200 What is a humanitarian military intervention? https://blog.prif.org/2019/09/04/humanitaere-militaerische-intervention-streit-ueber-den-begriff-steht-der-forschung-im-weg/ Fierce controversy around the concept itself is a road block for research Thorsten Gromes argues on PRIF Blog (in German) news-6787 Tue, 27 Aug 2019 09:43:33 +0200 Abiy Ahmed Ali receives Hessian Peace Prize https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/abiy-ahmed-ali-receives-hessian-peace-prize/ The Hessian Peace Prize will be awarded to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed Ali, on 23 September 2019. Wiesbaden, August 28, 2019 - The prize honors Abiy Ahmed Ali's outstanding achievement for a historic peace declaration with the arch-enemy Eritrea. A 20-year conflict that has cost the lives of more than 100,000 people and has flared up again and again in recent years seems to be coming to a peaceful end. A process of reconciliation between the two states offers opportunities for the societies of both states and the East African region. These important developments and the resulting opportunities for a peaceful future are worthy of recognition. "Abiy Ahmed Ali is one of the great hopes on the African continent. We want to honor his commitment to peace with the Hessian Peace Prize and at the same time continue to promote it," said Nicole Deitelhoff, Head of PRIF and member of the Board of Trustees.

The peace agreement and the reconciliation of the two neighbouring states based on it raise hopes for the stabilization of the entire region. The changes introduced by Abiy Ahmed Ali are also noteworthy domestically: since Emperor Haile Selassie was overthrown in 1974, there has been no change of government in the country without bloodshed. The single party "Revolutionary Democratic Front of the Ethiopian Peoples" (EPRDF), which has been in power since 1991, is closely interwoven with the Ethiopian state, controls all levels of the federal system and has repeatedly, relied on repression. Abiy's government is also supported by this coalition, but in the last year and a half it has made significant progress in political and economic liberalization. The increased public attention that followed the award of the Hessian Peace Prize could serve as a reminder not to stop now but to press ahead with these domestic reforms peacefully and integratively.

Abiy Ahmed Ali, born 1976 in Beshasha, Ethiopia, appointed Prime Minister of Ethiopia in April 2018. He belongs to the ethnic group of Oromo, who have long perceived themselves as marginalized in Ethiopia's political system. He is the first Oromo to become Prime Minister.

A former soldier in the Ethiopian army, he studied computer and communications technology, cryptography, transformational leadership and business administration and received a doctorate in management and leadership from the University of Addis Ababa in 2017. He served in the Eritrean-Ethiopian border war from 1998 to 2000 and was Deputy Director of the Information Network Security Agency (INSA), a secret service agency that monitors telecommunications and the Internet in Ethiopia, from 2007 to 2010.

He has been a member of the Ethiopian Parliament since 2010 and was Minister of Science from 2015 to 2016. He is a member of the political group of the Democratic Organization of the People of Oromo (OPDO), which is part of the single ruling party EPRDF. Since March 2018 he has been Chairman of the EPRDF. At 42, he is the youngest head of government in Africa.

On September 23rd, the award ceremony of the Hessian Peace Prize will take place at the Landtag of Hesse in Wiesbaden. Muferihat Kamil, Ethiopia's Minister of Peace, will accept the award on behalf of Abiy Ahmed. Hessian Prime Minister Volker Bouffier is going to give the laudatory speech.

 

The Hessian Peace Prize was established on 16 October 1993 by former Hessian Prime Minister Albert Osswald and the foundation he established. It is awarded to people who have rendered outstanding services to international understanding and peace. Each year, a prize winner selected by the Hessian Peace Prize Board of Trustees receives the prize endowed with 25,000 euros. The PRIF advises the Board of Trustees on the selection and documents the award ceremony.

Previous winners of the Hessian Peace Prize

 

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news-6785 Mon, 26 Aug 2019 14:51:09 +0200 Humanitarian Military Interventions http://www.humanitarian-military-interventions.com/ A new PRIF Dataset provides the basis for studies on Humanitarian Military Interventions since 1945 news-6781 Fri, 23 Aug 2019 15:01:59 +0200 Natural Resource, Grievances and Conflict https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/natural-resource-grievances-and-conflict/ New PRIF study on the local effects of the Bolivian lithium program published Growing investments in electromobility worldwide are increasing the demand for metals such as lithium, which is needed for the production of batteries. As the political debate often focuses on the environmental and climate protection aspects of e-mobility, the conflict potential of local raw material extraction is neglected. Research has long shown that raw material extraction projects have far-reaching consequences for society and the environment and are closely linked to the emergence of conflicts.

In the recently published PRIF study 'Natural Resource, Governance, Grievances and Conflict' Janine Romero Valenzuela examines these interrelationships in the case of Bolivia, one of the main producers of lithium worldwide. Using extensive empirical material, she investigates the question of why there were no major conflicts in the Bolivian mining regions despite local consequences for both humans and nature. Using a Grievance approach, she identifies various governance strategies of the Evo Morales government that had a positive impact on local meaning production and thus reduced the potential for conflict. By comparing her results with the case of Argentina, her dissertation complements the theoretical discussion on the link between resources, governance and conflicts.

The PRIF study "Natural Resource, Governance, Grievances and Conflict. The Case of the Bolivian Lithium Program" has been published by Spinger VS.

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news-6783 Fri, 23 Aug 2019 14:48:26 +0200 PRIF Report 3/2019: Colombia's Violent Peace https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prif-report-32019-colombias-violent-peace/ The paper covers the rising violence against social activists since Colombia's peace agreement in 2016 [German only]. Der Ende 2016 ausgehandelte Friedensvertrag zwischen der kolumbianischen Regierung und der ältesten lateinamerikanischen Guerilla Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP) beendete einen mehr als 50 Jahre anhaltenden bewaffneten Konflikt und wurde international gefeiert. Doch mit der Unterzeichnung dieses Friedensschlusses sind die Probleme nicht gelöst, der Aufbau eines stabilen und dauerhaften Friedens ist in vielerlei Hinsicht noch unsicher. Trotz weitgehend erfolgreicher Demobilisierung und der Waffenabgabe der FARC-EP sowie einer allgemeinen Reduktion der Gewalt stieg die Anzahl der Morde an „sozialen Anführerinnen und Anführern“ seit 2016 kontinuierlich an und erreichte 2018 einen nie zuvor dokumentierten Höchststand.

Sophie Rähme sucht im PRIF Report 3/2019 nach den Ursachen und Bedingungen, die diesem jüngsten Anstieg der Gewalt zugrunde liegen.

Download (pdf): Kolumbiens Gewalt-Frieden. Zum Anstieg der Gewalt gegen soziale Aktivisten und Aktivistinnen seit dem Friedensabkommen 2016.

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news-6780 Wed, 21 Aug 2019 09:30:31 +0200 Gesellschaft Extrem: Sammelband erschienen https://gesellschaftextrem.hsfk.de/ergebnisse/buch/ Was wissen wir über Radikalisierung? Neuer Sammelband gibt Überblick über zentrale Aspekte des Phänomens news-6774 Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:55:20 +0200 Stabilizing the peace process in Colombia https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/stabilizing-the-peace-process-in-colombia/ Instituto CAPAZ receives funding from the Federal Foreign Office to promote stabilization of the peace process The German-Colombian Peace Institute - Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz (Instituto CAPAZ) receives special funds from the Federal Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt) amounting to 365,000 Euros to promote the stabilization of the Colombian peace process. The funds will be used to provide scientific support for the special jurisdiction for peace (Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, JEP) and the Truth Commission (Comisión para el Esclarecimiento de la Verdad, CEV), including through the Justus Liebig University in Giessen (JLU). The grant agreement was signed last Friday in Bogotá by Dr. Peter Ptassek, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Colombia, and Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters, Director of the Instituto CAPAZ and Professor of Peace Research at JLU. A group of JLU students was also present at the signing ceremony.

The project is carried out in cooperation between the Instituto CAPAZ, the Research Center for Latin American Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure (CEDPAL), the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen and the JLU. The Giessen-based peace researcher and project leader Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters emphasizes the importance of the project for lasting peace: "Dealing with the past is a painful but necessary process in order to create peace. The JEP and the CEV are two key elements in this process. We look forward to working with them to strengthen peace in Colombia".

In April this year, the Instituto CAPAZ initially concluded a joint cooperation agreement with the JEP, followed in June by a further agreement with the CEV. In this agreement, the parties formulated their intention to support the JEP and CEV as two important components of the Colombian system of truth, justice, compensation and non-repetition. "Thanks to the commitment of the Federal Foreign Office, in particular Federal Minister Heiko Maas, funds are now available to develop initiatives for sustainable cooperation with the JEP and CEV and to provide scientific support for the work of the two institutions," said Peters.

The CAPAZ Institute

Since its foundation in 2017, the Instituto CAPAZ has been working very successfully and has received great recognition from the most important institutions created for the peace process. Since May 2019 it has also been one of five DAAD Centres of Excellence worldwide. It is led by two consortia of Colombian and German universities and research institutions, including PRIF on the German side, which is represented on the board by Jonas Wolff. The consortium is led by Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (JLU) with project leader Thilo Marauhn, who also heads the International Law Research Group at PRIF.

Press release of the Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

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news-6771 Thu, 15 Aug 2019 12:23:59 +0200 New publication: Justice and Peace https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/new-publication-justice-and-peace/ New PRIF anthology published about the role of justice claims in international cooperation and conflict Often enough, peace and justice come into competition or even conflict with each other. But under what conditions do implicit or explicit ideas of justice held by actors lead to violent conflicts, and under what conditions can they form the basis for sustainable peace? And how can justice conflicts constructively be dealt with? These questions were addressed by PRIF researchers in the "Just Peace Governance" research program from 2011 to 2017.

The most important results of the different research projects carried out as part of the eight-year research program have now been compiled in a new and comprehensive PRIF anthology. The eleven contributions deal with justice conflicts in democracy promotion and the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, the importance of institutional justice in the African Union, the role of justice claims in peace negotiations in Afghanistan, and much more.

The volume ‘Justice and Peace. The Role of Justice Claims in International Cooperation and Conflict’ was published by Springer VS and is edited by Caroline Fehl, Dirk Peters, Simone Wisotzki and Jonas Wolff. Harald Müller's article 'Justice from an Interdisciplinary Perspective: The Impact of the Revolution in Human Sciences on Peace Research and International Relations' is freely available under a CC BY 4.0 license.

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news-6770 Thu, 15 Aug 2019 10:01:12 +0200 Panel discussion on Theodor W. Adorno https://www.kultur-frankfurt.de/portal/de/Presse/01.08.2019-e2809eDiegesellschaftlichenVoraussetzungendesFaschismusdauernforte2809c/1169/0/94003/mod2281-details1/161.aspx "The social prerequisites of fascism continue - Adorno's topicality" - recording available online (in German) news-6767 Fri, 09 Aug 2019 12:00:09 +0200 PRIF Blog: The end of the INF-Treaty https://blog.prif.org/2019/08/09/das-ende-des-inf-vertrags-katerstimmung-in-europa/ Is Europe once again becoming the arena for nuclear war planning? Jana Baldus on PRIF Blog [German only].