HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Mon, 18 Jun 2018 09:25:48 +0200 Mon, 18 Jun 2018 09:25:48 +0200 news-6412 Tue, 05 Jun 2018 14:53:40 +0200 Dealing With China in the South China Sea https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/dealing-with-china-in-the-south-china-sea/ PRIF Report 3/2018 by Peter Kreuzer about Duterte changing course (English only) In 2013 the Philip­­pines brought a case before the Per­­ma­nent Court of Arbi­­tra­tion (PCA) against China over ter­­ritorial so­ve­r­eignty and mari­­time rights in the South China Sea. Ad­­mitted­­ly, they were suc­­ces­­sful before the court, but in the after­­math the ten­­sions bet­­ween both parties iten­s­i­fied drama­­ti­­cally - and no con­­flict re­so­lution was in sight. Philip­­pine Presi­dent Duterte, in­­au­­gu­­rated in 2016, as­­sumed a new stance. He offered to ignore the court ruling for the time being, in­­ten­si­­fied eco­nomic re­­lations and re-es­­tab­­lished bi­­lateral com­­muni­­cation chan­nels.

In PRIF Report 3/2018 "Dealing With China in the South China Sea: Duterte Changing Course", Peter Kreuzer pre­­sents two les­sons learned in deal­­ing with China: first, that ap­­ply­ing too much pres­­sure through legal in­­stru­­ments may in­­crease China's re­­sis­­tance and, second, that China's be­­havior can be in­­fluenced through strat­­egies that re­­spond po­­si­ti­vely to the country's core needs and pre­­di­­ca­­ments.

Download (2,33mb): Kreuzer, Peter (2018): Dealing With China in the South China Sea: Duterte Changing Course, PRIF Report 3/2018, Frankfurt/M.


news-6382 Mon, 28 May 2018 11:12:00 +0200 Pragmatism as Principle: Hybrid Courts https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/pragmatism-as-principle-hybrid-courts/ The Comeback of Hybrid Courts - PRIF Report by Lisbeth Zimmermann At the turn of this cen­tury, a number of hybrid courts were es­tab­lished to pro­se­cute the most severe crimes com­mit­ted in war­ring and post-conflict societies. It was hoped that the de­cisions would be viewed as more le­git­imate and the courts could be more ef­ficient through local in­te­gration rather than the use of purely inter­nat­ional criminal courts. How­ever, inter­fe­rence by local elites, re­cur­rent fun­ding short­falls and a lack of owner­ship by inter­nat­ional actors quickly cooled en­thu­siasm for hybrid criminal pro­se­cution. Since 2013, how­ever, a new gen­eration of hybrid in­sti­tutions has been es­tab­lished.

In PRIF Report No. 150 "Pragmatism as Principle. The Comeback of Hybrid Courts" Lisbeth Zimmermann looks at what has been learned from the mis­takes of the first gen­eration, and what sig­ni­fi­cance hybrid courts could have in the future.

Download (245kb): Zimmermann, Lisbeth (2017): Pragmatism as Principle. The Comeback of Hybrid Courts, PRIF Report No. 150, Frankfurt/M.

The German version of the report: Download (261kb): Zimmermann, Lisbeth (2017): Prinzip Pragmatismus: Das Comeback der hybriden Gerichte, HSFK-Report Nr. 6/2017, Frankfurt/M.

news-6403 Mon, 14 May 2018 12:39:44 +0200 Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/protest-movements-in-asylum-and-deportation/ Anthology on protest movements in asylum and deportation – co-edited by Verena Stern The an­tho­logy “Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation”, co-edited by Sieglinde Rosenberger, Verena Stern and Nina Merhaut, deals with con­tes­tations “from below” of le­gal policies and im­ple­men­tation prac­tices in asy­lum and de­por­tation in Germany, Austria and Switzer­land. The chapters con­tex­tualize, firstly, asylum policies in the re­spective countries, and focus, se­condly, on so­lidarity pro­tests against the de­portation of re­fused asylum seekers, refugee activism cam­paigning for re­sidence rights and in­clusion, and re­strictive pro­tests again the re­ception of asylum seekers.

The an­tho­logy is based on find­ings of the comp­arative re­search project “Taking Sides: Protests against the Deportation of Asylum Seekers”.

The an­tho­logy is avail­able as open access at Springer.


news-6401 Mon, 07 May 2018 09:37:05 +0200 A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/a-ray-of-hope-for-afghanistan/ PRIF Spotlight by Ahmad Noor Aakhundzzada about the changing security situation in Afghanistan The security situation in Af­gha­nistan has changed sig­ni­fi­cantly over the last few years. The reasons for this are the per­sistent re­sis­tance of the Taliban and the emer­gence of the Islamic State (IS) in dif­ferent parts of the country. The fail­ure of the Afghan govern­ment and the inter­national community to bring peace and the rise of IS have sig­ni­fi­cantly in­creased the con­cerns of the re­gional players (Russia, Iran and Pakistan) re­garding their own security. Sud­denly they find them­selves on the same side, coun­tering IS and exer­ting pressure on the Taliban as well as on the Afghan govern­ment to­wards a peace­ful settle­ment of the Afghan conflict. And it seems that they are ready to play an as­sertive role.

PRIF Spotlight "A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan. Over the Last Few Years the Security Situation Has Changed Significantly" by Ahmad Noor Aakhundzzada analyzes the post-IS security situation in Af­gha­nistan and makes sug­gestions for the pros­pects of peace talks amidst the evol­ving policy shift of neigh­boring countries.

Download (pdf, 387kb): Aakhundzzada, Ahmad Noor (2018): A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan. Over the Last Few Years the Security Situation Has Changed Significantly, PRIF Spotlight 4/2018, Frankfurt/M.

news-6398 Fri, 27 Apr 2018 11:48:18 +0200 Kim Jong-un plays a dangerous game https://blog.prif.org/2018/04/27/kim-jong-uns-gefaehrliches-spiel/ After the historic Korea summit: Hans-Joachim Schmidt comments on the results at PRIF Blog (German only) news-6393 Tue, 24 Apr 2018 11:39:58 +0200 No Impunity for Chemical Warfare https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/no-impunity-for-chemical-warfare/ PRIF Spotlight by Una Becker-Jakob about options for ending the use of chemical weapons Not too long ago, it seemed that chem­ical war­fare was a thing of the past. In re­cent years, however, the world has been troubled by news of state and non-state actors’ use of chem­ical weapons in Syria, with the re­ported attack in Douma on 7 April 2018 being only the latest in a long series of similar ac­counts. Such use poses a chal­lenge to the uni­versal chem­ical weapons pro­hi­bition as long as the inter­national com­munity is un­able to agree on a unified and deter­mined re­sponse and to find ways of hold­ing the per­pe­trators to ac­count.

In PRIF Spotlight 3/2018 "No Impunity for Chemical Warfare. What Are the Options for Ending the Use of Chemical Weapons?", Una Becker-Jakob argues that this situation must be over­come if chem­ical war­fare is to be con­signed to history for good.

Download (pdf, 652kb): Becker-Jakob, Una (2018): No Impunity for Chemical Warfare. What Are the Options for Ending the Use of Chemical Weapons?, PRIF Spotlight 3/2018, Frankfurt/M.


news-6391 Mon, 23 Apr 2018 15:20:17 +0200 Controlling Drones: Preserve Past Achievements! https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/controlling-drones-preserve-past-achievements/ Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime – PRIF Report by Niklas Schörnig There are quite a few relevant inter­national regimes con­trol­ling the sale and use of drones. The MTCR (Missile Tech­nology Control Regime), originally set up to re­gulate the pro­li­feration of Weapons of Mass Destruc­tion missile de­livery systems, is widely con­sidered the main in­stru­ment for limit­ing the pro­li­feration of UAVs (un­manned aerial vehicles). In 2017, the MTCR turned 30 and calls are being made for the MTCR to focus solely on “trad­itional” rockets, missiles and cruise missiles because in its current for­mu­lation it too strongly curbs the sale of UAVs.

In PRIF Report No. 149 "Preserve Past Achievements! Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime (for the Time Being)", Niklas Schörnig warns against hollow­ing out the MTCR without re­placing it with a new and broader re­gime and re­commends safe­guarding the arms-control norms embedded within the MTCR.

Download (pdf, 192kb): Schörnig, Niklas (2017): Preserve Past Achievements! Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime (for the Time Being), PRIF Report No. 149, Frankfurt/M.

news-6385 Wed, 11 Apr 2018 15:14:16 +0200 PRIF’s new research program started https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prifs-new-research-program-started/ PRIF Report 2/2018 outlines the ambivalent relationship of “Coercion and Peace” PRIF’s new research program started in 2018. For the next five years the ambivalent relationship of "Coercion and Peace" will provide the framework for a significant part of the research conducted at the institute.

The present PRIF Report 2/2018 “Coercion and Peace. PRIF's New Research Program” outlines the new research program. It identifies overarching questions, crucial conceptual clarifications, and important analytical distinctions, as well as research gaps and research topics. Different research groups will focus on the conditions, forms, effects and kinds of legitimation that characterize coercion to peace as well as coercion in peace. The topic is not merely of academic relevance. By studying the complex ways in which coercion and peace relate to each other, the researchers aim at shedding light on the current plight of the international order and its consequences for international and intrastate conflict.

Download (pdf; 890kb): Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (2018): Coercion and Peace. PRIF's New Research Program, PRIF Report 2/2018, Frankfurt/M.



news-6346 Thu, 29 Mar 2018 12:42:00 +0200 Contested Memories in Mozambique https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/contested-memories-in-mozambique/ PRIF Report No. 148 illustrates how contested memories shape Mozambican nation-building after the civil war - by Christoph Kohl In 2012, twenty years after the conclusion of the peace treaty, the armed conflict between the former civil war parties broke out again in Mozambique. In addition to political and economic imbalances, the root causes seem to lie in deep-seated conflicts over memory cultures between the respective supporters of the two civil war parties.

In his PRIF report “Armed Conflict and Contested Memory. A Plea for a Fresh Start in the Politics of Memory in Mozambique”, Christoph Kohl shows how a lack of reckoning with the past from the perspective of the politics of memory prevents successful, inclusive nation-building. He explains which instruments could be used to further process and negotiate the different strands of memory in order to initiate a lasting pacification of Mozambique.

Dr Christoph Kohl is an associated fellow in the research department “Glocal Junctions” at PRIF. His research subjects include processes of nation-building and ethnicity in Africa as well as the transfer of norms in development cooperation.

Download (pdf, 403kb): Kohl, Christoph (2017): Armed Conflict and Contested Memory. A Plea for a Fresh Start in the Politics of Memory in Mozambique, PRIF Report No. 148, Frankfurt/M.



news-6364 Mon, 19 Mar 2018 17:00:00 +0100 Special Issue on African Peace Interventions https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/special-issue-on-african-peace-interventions/ African peace interventions seen ‘from below’: Politics and Disconnects – special issue edited by Antonia Witt Afri­can reg­ional organi­zations such as the Afri­can Union (AU) and the Eco­nomic Comm­unity of West Afri­can States (ECOWAS) are in­creas­ingly en­gaged in buil­ding peace and promoting demo­cratic gover­nance within their member states. The special issue of the South Afri­can Jour­nal of Inter­nat­ional Affairs, guest-edited by Antonia Witt, ex­plores Afri­can regional inter­ven­tions as ‘seen from below’.

By focus­ing on the practices and politics of those in­volved in im­plemen­ting, dea­ling with, or livi­ng under the effects of Afri­can inter­ventions it allows the ob­server to better under­stand the con­tested politics of Afri­can inter­ven­tions and dis­con­nects bet­ween grand reg­ional archi­tec­tures and their act­ual im­prints on the ground. Such a shift in pers­pective, Antonia Witt argues in her introductory article and in the conclusion co-authored with Gilbert Khadiagala, offers im­por­tant emp­irical, theo­retical, and norm­ative impli­cat­ions for the study of Afri­can inter­ven­tions.

The con­tributions to this spe­cial issue scrutinize dif­fer­ent sites and anal­yze the prac­tices of di­verse agents of inter­ven­tion, rang­ing from protest­ing civil society groups to liai­son officers and early warn­ing ex­perts. Case studies come from conflicts and reg­ional inter­ven­tions inter alia in Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar and Mali. The special issue unites con­tri­butions from dif­fer­ent disci­plinary back­grounds written by both re­searchers and prac­titioners from across Europe and Africa.

The special issue is the outcome of a workshop organized in January 2017 in Ouagadougou, which was funded under the DFG-Program Point Sud.


Publication: “African Peace Interventions Seen ‘from Below’: Politics and Disconnects”, Special Issue South African Journal of International Affairs, Vol 25:1.

news-6363 Wed, 14 Mar 2018 11:49:04 +0100 Wahlen in Russland: Alles unter Kontrolle? https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/14/alles-unter-kontrolle-praesidentschaftswahl-in-russland-zwischen-regimestabilitaet-und-protest/ Die Proteste im Zuge der Präsidentschaftswahlen üben Druck auf Putins Regime aus. Ein Blogbeitrag von Vera Rogova news-6361 Mon, 12 Mar 2018 14:26:28 +0100 North Korea and the US: Ready for Peace? https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/12/sind-die-usa-zum-frieden-mit-nordkorea-bereit/ On PRIF Blog, Hans-Joachim Schmidt comments on the current developments between North Korea and the US (German only) news-6359 Wed, 07 Mar 2018 10:04:44 +0100 Illegal Ivory Trade, Wildlife and War https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/07/elephant-in-the-room-the-illegal-ivory-trade-wildlife-and-war Killing elephants is also a socio-economic driver of war. A new Blog post by Anton Peez news-6354 Mon, 05 Mar 2018 10:39:13 +0100 The Kurdish Movement in Turkey https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/the-kurdish-movement-in-turkey/ PRIF Report by Francis O’Connor about the Kurdish movement between political differentiation and violent confrontation The last years of Turkish politics have been tumultuous, yet the reemergence of the Kurdish crisis in Turkey has not garnered much international political attention. The region has returned to open war with thousands of casualties and mass repression of Kurdish politicians and activists. The little information, which emerges from this deeply complicated political environment, is often confusing for international audiences.

PRIF Report No. 147 “The Kurdish Movement in Turkey: Between Political Differentiation and Violent Confrontation” by Francis O’Connor sheds some light on the contemporary Kurdish movement. It distinguishes between the movement’s institutional political parties, the People’s Democratic Party (HDP) and the Democratic Regions Party (DBP), and the insurgent movement, the PKK. It outlines the origins and political objectives of the Kurdish parliamentary political tradition and those of the PKK.

Download (pdf, 919kb): O’Connor, Francis (2017): The Kurdish Movement in Turkey: Between Political Differentiation and Violent Confrontation, PRIF Report No. 147, Frankfurt/M.

news-6352 Thu, 01 Mar 2018 11:27:30 +0100 New Blog Post: Chemical Weapons in Syria https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/28/schrecken-ohne-ende-chemiewaffeneinsaetze-in-syrien/ What are the difficulties for investigation and criminal accountability? A blog post by Una Becker-Jakob (in German only) news-6347 Wed, 21 Feb 2018 13:14:56 +0100 Hessischer Friedenspreis 2017 https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/hessischer-friedenspreis-2017-1/ Schweizer Juristin und Diplomatin Carla del Ponte nimmt am 23. Februar 2018 den Hessischen Friedenspreis entgegen Der Hessische Friedens­preis 2017 geht an Carla del Ponte, eine der bekannt­esten inter­national­en Jurist­innen. Die 1947 ge­borene Schweiz­erin hat vor allem wegen ihrer Er­mit­tlungen im Um­feld organ­isiert­er Krimi­nalität von sich reden gemacht: Zu­nächst als Bundes­anwältin in der Schweiz, später als Chef­an­kläger­in des Inter­national­en Straf­gerichts­hofs für die Kriegs­ver­brechen im ehe­maligen Jugos­lawien und den Völker­mord in Ruanda. In weiteren Station­en war sie als Bot­schafter­in in Argen­tinien und als Sonder­ermittler­in in einer Unter­suchungs­kom-mission zu Kriegs­ver­brechen in Syrien tätig. Inter­national ist sie für ihre Pro­jekte „Frieden durch Recht“ und ihr Streben nach „inter­nationalem Recht für nach­haltige Friedens­ordnung“ bekannt geworden.

Am Freitag, den 23. Februar wird Carla del Ponte den Hessischen Friedens­preis in Wies­baden entgegen nehmen. Der Festakt im Hessischen Land­tag wird vom Hessischen Minister­präsident Volker Bouffier eröffnet; die Laudatio wird Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Angelika Nußberger, Vize­präsidentin des Euro­päischen Gerichts­hofes für Menschenrechte halten. Das Hessische Fernsehen wird die Verleihung live übertragen.

Nicole Deitelhoff als Teil des acht­köpfigen Kur­atoriums, das jedes Jahr über die Preis­trägerinnen und Preis­träger berät, freut sich darauf, Carla del Ponte persönlich kennen­zulernen: „Carla del Ponte ist ein Vorbild und eine Inspiration für unzählige Friedensaktivisten.“

Weitere Informationen auf der Website des Hessischen Landtags.

news-6344 Wed, 21 Feb 2018 11:15:00 +0100 PRIF Blog: On Citizenship in Turkey https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/21/gluecklich-wer-sich-nicht-nur-tuerke-nennt-yuecel-verdankt-dem-doppelpass-die-freilassung/ Dual citizenship saves Deniz Yücel from more prison time, writes Sabine Mannitz (GER only) news-6339 Tue, 13 Feb 2018 11:07:35 +0100 PRIF Blog: Far-right terrorism in Italy https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/13/why-are-some-italians-shooting-migrants/ The Macerata terror attack and the upcoming elections in Italy. Blog post by P. Castelli Gattinara and F. O’Connor news-6336 Fri, 09 Feb 2018 18:05:00 +0100 HSFK-Kommentar zum Koalitionsvertrag https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/hsfk-kommentar-zum-koalitionsvertrag/ Lange diskutiert und jetzt frisch auf dem Tisch: der Koalitionsvertrag von Union und SPD. Die HSFK ist darin namentlich erwähnt. Kommentar von Julian Junk und Nicole Deitelhoff Lange diskutiert und jetzt frisch auf dem Tisch: der Koalitions­vertrag von Union und SPD in seiner 180 Seiten starken Fassung vom 7. Februar 2018. Die beiden Parteien widmen rund 20 Seiten dem Kapitel „Deutsch­lands Verantwortung für Frieden, Freiheit und Sicher­heit in der Welt“ und auch das Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung für Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung (HSFK) ist darin nament­lich erwähnt.

„Wir nutzen unsere Präsenz in Berlin, um uns regelmäßig mit der Regierung zu ak­tuellen Handlungs­feldern der Außen- und Sicherheits­politik aus­zu­tauschen und unsere Analysen und Empfehl­ungen zu diskutieren“, sagt Dr. Julian Junk, Leiter des Berliner Büros der HSFK. Die als neue Re­gierung an­ge­tretenen Parteien wollen laut dem Koalitions­vertrag die HSFK und andere Ein­richtungen stärken und damit in den außen-, sicherheits- und entwicklungs­politische Sach­verstand investieren. „Uns freut es, dass wir als Institut im Koalition­svertrag nun nament­lich genannt sind. Wir werden unseren etablierten Dialog in Berlin jetzt auch nutzen, um gemeinsam mit der künftigen Bundes­regierung diese Stärk­ung zu konkret­isieren“, so Julian Junk.

Auch ein anderes Thema, für das die HSFK steht, wird im Kapitel „Offensive für Bildung, Forschung und Digitalisierung“ Bedeutung geschenkt: der Forschung zu Demokratie und Frieden. Diese stehe im Fokus der Förderung der neuen Regierung „Für uns als eines der größten deutschen Friedens­forschungs­institute ist das ein positives Sig­nal“, sagt Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitel­hoff, geschäfts­führendes Vorstands­mitglied der HSFK. „Wir hoffen nun auf konkrete Pläne und Taten, wie die neue Bundes­regierung uns und unsere Forschung stärken möchte. Wir sind offen für Gespräche, wie wir die Zusammen­arbeit gemeinsam aktiv gestalten können“, so Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitel­hoff.

news-6317 Mon, 05 Feb 2018 15:24:00 +0100 Northern Ireland: The End of the Story? https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/northern-ireland-the-end-of-the-story/ PRIF Report by Bernhard Moltmann about a Brexit’s possible effects on the peace process in Northern Ireland The pros­pect of the United King­dom leav­ing the Euro­pean Union in 2019 casts a sha­dow on the al­ready un­stable peace in North­ern Ire­land, the British ex­clave in the north­east of the is­land of Ire­land. The im­pe­ding Brexit re­priori­tizes the issue of border bet­ween North­ern Ire­land and the Re­public of Ire­land. It not only re­veals rifts in British-Euro­pean re­lation­ship; it also ex­poses the latent dis­cord in North­ern Ire­land.

PRIF Report No. 146 “Northern Ireland: The End of the Story? The Peace Process and the Brexit” by Bernhard Moltmann out­lines the ap­proach, frame­work conditions and course of the North­ern Irish peace pro­cess as well as the signs of its im­peding collapse. It also shows the chal­lenges that a Brexit poses for conti­nued peace­ful re­lations in North­ern Ire­land. In a long-term pers­pective, atten­tion should be given to even­tually re­design­ing the pol­itical map of the Brit­ish Isles – al­though that has little chance of short-term success be­cause of the cur­rent lack of ideas and pol­itical as­sertive­ness in North­ern Ire­land.

Down­load (pdf, 201kb): Moltmann, Bernard (2017): Northern Ireland: The End of the Story? The Peace Process and the Brexit”, PRIF Report No. 146, Frankfurt/M.

The German version of the Report is also freely avail­able.