HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Wed, 26 Jun 2019 01:45:05 +0200 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 01:45:05 +0200 news-6720 Tue, 25 Jun 2019 12:02:35 +0200 Debate on PRIF research program https://www.hsfk.de/service/news/news/debatte-zu-hsfk-forschungsprogramm/ Research program "Coercion and Peace" is the subject of discussion in the Journal for Peace and Conflict Research (in German) Die HSFK stellt ihre Grundlagenforschung für jeweils mehrere Jahre unter ein übergeordnetes Thema. Das aktuelle Forschungsprogramm läuft seit seit Januar 2018 unter dem Titel „Frieden und Zwang“. Im Zentrum steht die Frage, welche Rolle der Androhung oder Anwendung von Zwang bei der Schaffung, Aufrechterhaltung und Gefährdung von Frieden zukommt.

In der Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung wurde dieses Forschungsprogramm jetzt Gegenstand der Debatte. Andreas Nölke, Professor für Internationale Politische Ökonomie in Frankfurt, äußerte folgende Kritik: Das neue Forschungsprogramm der HSFK untersuche die Zusammenhänge zwischen Frieden und Zwang in der internationalen Politik zwar sehr systematisch, sei aus Sicht der Internationalen Politischen Ökonomie aber etwas zu ahistorisch formuliert. Normativ neige es dazu, zu sehr auf einen positiven Zusammenhang zwischen internationalem Zwang und Frieden zu setzen, was im Kontext des Aufstiegs des Populismus problematisch ist, da mehr Zwang durch liberale internationale Institutionen letzteren eher befeuern dürfte. Analytisch vernachlässige es den Niedergang der westlichen Hegemonie und könne daher zu unrealistischen Schlussfolgerungen führen, da die Voraussetzungen zur Ausübung von friedensförderlichem Zwang in der internationalen Politik sich in absehbarer Zeit eher verringern als vermehren werden. 

In ihrer Replik greifen Anton Peez, Antonia Witt und Jonas Wolff von der HSFK die Kritikpunkte auf. Statt einer tendenziellen Befürwortung des Zwangs befasse sich das Forschungsprogramm theoretisch und empirisch ergebnisoffen mit dem Konzept. Es ziele darauf ab, die Realität von Zwang in seinen unterschiedlichen Facetten ernst zu nehmen und in seinem ambivalenten Verhältnis zum Frieden zu untersuchen. Gegen den Vorwurf der Ahistorizität erwidern sie, dass das Programm gerade die vielzähligen aktuellen Krisen liberalen globalen Regierens zum Anlass und Ausgangspunkt nehme sowie analytisch zeitliche und regionale Kontexte betone. Wie die so konstruktive wie wohlwollende Kritik von Andreas Nölke zeige, könne eine solche Forschungsagenda von den Perspektiven und Erkenntnissen der Internationalen Politischen Ökonomie in vielfältiger Hinsicht profitieren.
 

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news-6718 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 13:39:55 +0200 RNGOs between recon- ciliation and punishment https://www.hsfk.de/service/news/news/religioese-ngos-zwischen-versoehnung-und-bestrafung/ Clara Braungart's dissertation on the role of religious NGOs in post-conflict situations (in German) Die Vergangenheitsaufarbeitung in Postkonfliktsituationen ist häufig ein Balanceakt zwischen Versöhnung und strafrechtlicher Aufarbeitung von Kriegsverbrechen. Clara Braungart untersucht in ihrer vor kurzem erschienenen Dissertation die Rolle von religiösen Nichtregierungsorganisationen (RNGOs) in diesem Prozess. Gegenstand ihrer Analyse sind RNGOs, die gleichzeitig am Internationalen Strafgerichtshof (IStGH) in Den Haag und in den Postkonfliktstaaten Kenia beziehungsweise Uganda tätig sind und das Zustandekommen ihrer jeweiligen Positionen im Spannungsfeld zwischen Versöhnung und Bestrafung.

Es zeigt sich, dass der landesspezifische Kontext und religiöse Traditionen inhaltliche Standpunkte der RNGOs maßgeblich beeinflussen. Religiöse Werte können daneben zur Folge haben, dass ganz unterschiedliche Interpretationen von Versöhnung entstehen.

Die Dissertation mit dem Titel „Religion und Transitional Justice – Religiöse Nichtregierungsorganisationen zwischen Versöhnung und Bestrafung“ ist im Verlag Springer VS erschienen.

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news-6716 Fri, 21 Jun 2019 10:09:01 +0200 No Peace Without Human Rights https://blog.prif.org/2019/06/21/kein-frieden-ohne-menschenrechte/ PRIF Blog: The speeches at the award ceremony of the Hessian Peace Prize 2018 to Şebnem Korur Fincancı (in German) news-6714 Wed, 19 Jun 2019 09:55:00 +0200 Germany on the UN Security Council https://blog.prif.org/2019/06/19/germany-on-the-un-security-council-arria-formula-meetings-as-a-tool-for-crisis-management-and-conflict-prevention/ Arria-formula meetings as a tool for crisis management: blog post by Melanie Coni-Zimmer and Anton Peez news-6709 Fri, 07 Jun 2019 12:00:28 +0200 Delegation from Addis Ababa visiting PRIF https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/delegation-from-addis-ababa-visiting-prif/ Researchers and Practitioners from IPSS, African Union and GIZ talked about projects and potential areas for cooperation This week PRIF received a joint delegation from the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) of Addis Ababa University, the African Union (AU) and GIZ. The exchange between researchers and practitioners focused on ongoing research projects on the role of African regional organizations in building peace and preventing conflict in Africa as well as the AU’s continental early warning system. Presentations were given inter alia on the APSA Impact Report published by the IPSS as well as the project African Regional Organizations Seen from Below which Antonia Witt leads at PRIF. Given the close thematic linkages between these works the participants also identified areas for future cooperation.

We thank our guests for an exciting exchange and are looking forward to continue working together in the future.

 

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news-6708 Thu, 06 Jun 2019 13:14:28 +0200 The world has become more complex https://blog.prif.org/2019/06/06/die-welt-ist-heute-komplexer-ein-interview-mit-sabine-mannitz-ueber-frieden-und-sicherheit/ Sabine Mannitz in an interview with the magazine NATUR- FREUNDiN about peace and security politics at PRIF Blog (in German) news-6706 Tue, 04 Jun 2019 13:59:00 +0200 South Africa: A new dawn for gender justice? https://blog.prif.org/2019/06/04/south-africas-first-gender-representative-government-a-new-dawn-for-gender-justice/ The country has its first gender equal cabinet. But representation is not a numbers game, says Marieke Fröhlich at PRIF Blog news-6703 Tue, 04 Jun 2019 10:41:49 +0200 The Peace Report 2019 is out now https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/the-peace-report-2019-is-out-now/ Full report entitled "Forward to the past? Peace needs partners" and key policy proposals at one glance are now available On 4 June, the leading German peace research institutes presented the Peace Report 2019 at the Federal Press Conference in Berlin. They called on the Federal Government to play a more active role in international security policy. Germany should use its influence in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) to propose concrete steps towards nuclear disarmament and also help solve current military crises. Under the headline "Forward into the past? Peace needs partners" the institutes call for establishing new partnerships in order to preserve the threatened multilateral framework.

The complete Peace Report 2019 is available for download at friedensgutachten.de. An overview of the ten most important policy recommendations of the peace researchers can also be found there. The Peace Report is the annual publication of BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion), the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF), the Institute for Development and Peace (INEF) and the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH). It analyses current violent conflicts, identifies trends in international foreign, security and development policy and provides policy recommendations.

 

Peace Report 2019: Editors' Statement and Recommendations (pdf)

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news-6695 Mon, 03 Jun 2019 09:01:00 +0200 Prominent patron for exhibition project https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prominent-patron-for-exhibition-project/ Hessian Minister of Science Angela Dorn becomes patron of the 'Making Crises Visible' art project Angela Dorn, Hessian Minister of State for Science and Art, is taking over patronage of the project 'Making Crises Visible' by the Leibniz Research Association "Crises in a Globalised World", which is coordinated by PRIF.

Researchers from the participating institutes, the Cluster of Excellence “Normative Orders”, and Goethe University Frankfurt, together with students from the Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG) Offenbach, are developing ideas on how crises, conflicts and wars can be made visible. The procedures and results of exemplary research projects are to be visualised through different artistic approaches in order to create an awareness of the not only paralyzing, but also activating power of crises. The project focuses on the process of knowledge transfer between the various fields of science, art and design and on dialogue with the public. The "knowledge-art objects" created in the project will be exhibited at the Senckenberg Museum in the spring of 2020. The Minister will give the welcoming address on this occasion.

"A democratic world needs a strong, independent science whose findings are also accessible to people outside the scientific realm - that is a matter of great concern to me," explains Minister Dorn. "The 'Making Crises Visible' project is a good example of science communication that combines different approaches and disciplines. I am happy to support it with my patronage and look forward to the results".

www.makingcrisesvisible.com

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news-6699 Wed, 29 May 2019 10:28:54 +0200 From the negotiating table to the conflict zones https://blog.prif.org/2019/05/29/vom-verhandlungstisch-in-die-konfliktzonen-die-menschenrechte-von-ueberlebenden-sexueller-gewalt-staerken/ Statements of good intent are not enough to combat sexual violence in war zones. Simone Wisotzki at PRIF Blog (in German) news-6698 Fri, 24 May 2019 15:09:01 +0200 Europe needs controversy, not an army https://blog.prif.org/2019/05/24/wann-wenn-nicht-jetzt-europa-braucht-streit-keine-armee/ Nicole Deitelhoff pleads for a strengthening of Europe's internal sovereignty at PRIF blog (in German) news-6696 Thu, 23 May 2019 14:14:32 +0200 Instituto CAPAZ ist DAAD-Exzellenzzentrum https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/instituto-capaz-ist-daad-exzellenzzentrum/ Deutsch-kolumbianisches Friedensinstitut wird eines von fünf Exzellenzzentren in Forschung und Lehre Das Instituto CAPAZ unterstützt seit Ende 2016 den kolumbianischen Friedensprozess in Forschung und Lehre und berät Akteure in Politik und Gesellschaft. Dem Institut sei es dabei in nur zweieinhalb Jahren Förderzeit gelungen, sich große Sichtbarkeit und Anerkennung durch die für den Friedensprozess wichtigsten Institutionen zu erarbeiten, begründet der Deutsche Akademische Austauschdienst (DAAD) die Aufnahme des Instituts in den Kreis seiner Exzellenzzentren. Seit 2009 fördert der DAAD nunmehr fünf Exzellenzzentren in Forschung und Lehre weltweit. Ziel der aus Mitteln des Auswärtigen Amts geförderten Exzellenzzentren ist, die besonderen Stärken der deutschen Wissenschaft herauszustellen und die internationale Vernetzung voranzutreiben. Voraussetzung für ein erfolgversprechendes Projekt ist eine intensive und partnerschaftliche Zusammenarbeit mit Partnerinstitutionen in den jeweiligen Zielländern, um langfristige Wirkungen in den Partnerländern zu erzielen.

Das Instituto CAPAZ wird federführend von zwei Konsortien kolumbianischer und deutscher Universitäten und Forschungseinrichtungen getragen, darunter auf deutscher Seite das Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (HSFK/PRIF). „Es freut mich sehr, dass das enorme Engagement aller beteiligten Kolleginnen und Kollegen, und insbesondere die Arbeit des großartigen Teams in Bogotá auf diese Art gewürdigt wird“, so Jonas Wolff, der die HSFK im Direktorium des Instituto CAPAZ vertritt.

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news-6693 Thu, 23 May 2019 12:05:00 +0200 Mehr Europa in deutschen Gesetzesentwürfen https://blog.prif.org/2019/05/23/von-bruessel-nach-berlin-immer-mehr-europa-in-deutschen-gesetzesentwuerfen/ Im PRIF Blog blickt Anton Peez vor der Europawahl auf die legislative Ebene der deutschen EU-Integration news-6692 Tue, 21 May 2019 12:02:13 +0200 German environmental aid under political fire https://blog.prif.org/2019/05/21/symptom-oder-einzelfall-wie-im-fall-der-deutschen-umwelthilfe-politische-kompetenzen-ueberschritten-werden/ In Germany, too, civil society faces more political interferences. Nora Berger-Kern at PRIF Blog (in German) news-6690 Mon, 20 May 2019 13:54:08 +0200 Trust is good, control is difficult https://blog.prif.org/2019/05/20/vertrauen-ist-gut-kontrolle-schwierig-die-us-militaerbasis-ramstein-und-die-umstrittenen-amerikanischen-kampfdrohneneinsaetze/ The US military base Ramstein and the controversy around U.S. combat drone missions - New PRIF Spotlight by Alexander Koll (in German) news-6683 Mon, 20 May 2019 10:27:00 +0200 Coming soon: The Peace Report 2019 https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/coming-soon-the-peace-report-2019/ Presentation of the annual report at the Federal Press Conference on 4 June in Berlin The leading German peace research institutes will present the new Peace Report 2019 on June 4. Since 1987, the Peace Report has been ana­lyzing current violent conflicts, high­lighting trends in inter­national foreign, security and develop­ment policy and making policy recommen­dations. This year's "Focus" chapter examines the crisis of the nuclear order.

The Peace Report 2019 will be presented at the Federal Press Conference in Berlin on June 4, starting at 9.30 a.m. Following the Federal Press Conference, the institutes will discuss the recommen­dations of the Peace Report in Berlin with ministries, the Chancellery, parlia­mentary committees and political factions of the parliament.

PRIF publishes the Peace Report together with the Bonn Inter­national Center for Con­version (BICC), the Institute for Develop­ment and Peace Duisburg (INEF) and the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy Hamburg (IFSH). It has been published annually since 1987 and was comprehen­sively updated in content and form in 2018. The Peace Report has been access­ible free of charge via Open Access since 2018. https://www.friedensgutachten.de/en

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news-6687 Fri, 17 May 2019 12:23:00 +0200 On the Frankfurt police scandal https://blog.prif.org/2019/05/17/der-frankfurter-polizeiskandal-ueber-sicherheitsbehoerden-rechtsextremismus-und-die-notwendigkeit-einer-fehlerkultur/ P. Zschocke in PRIF Spotlight on security agencies, right-wing extremism, and error management (in German) news-6673 Thu, 16 May 2019 11:44:00 +0200 Symbols, Power and Change in the UN Security Council http://blog.prif.org Part 4 of our Blog Series on the UN by Elvira Rosert on the PRIF Blog (in German) news-6671 Thu, 16 May 2019 09:57:00 +0200 100th Birthday of Albert Osswald https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/100th-birthday-of-albert-osswald/ Albert Osswald, former Prime Minister of Hesse and founder of PRIF in 1970, would have turned 100 on May 16. "There will always be conflicts in this world - social, political and economic conflicts. We must make sure that these conflicts are resolved rationally and that solutions are found that do not restrict people's freedom."

With these words, the then Hessian Prime Minister Albert Osswald presented the PRIF Foundation Charter to the provisional Executive Board - Prof Dr Ernst-Otto Czempiel, Dr Hans Nicklas and Dr Dieter Senghaas - on October 30, 1970. As early as 1969, Osswald called on Hesse's universities to develop a programme for an institute for peace and conflict research. The state government's willingness to promote peace research was particularly well received at the Philipps University in Marburg and the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. The City of Frankfurt also supported the plans to establish a peace research institute. On July 22, 1970, the Hessian state government finally decided to establish the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt.

Osswald's great commitment to a peaceful coexistence in society continues to this day through the annual award of the Hessian Peace Prize by the Albert Osswald Foundation. The Hessian Peace Prize is awarded to people who have rendered outstanding services to international understanding and peace. Each year, a laureate selected by the Hessian Peace Prize Board of Trustees receives the prize endowed with 25,000 euros. PRIF advises the Board of Trustees on the selection and documents the award ceremony.

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news-6680 Wed, 15 May 2019 11:42:16 +0200 The negotiation of democracy promotion https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/the-negotiation-of-democracy-promotion/ Special issue of the journal Democratization published as Open Access Democracy is not simply a good that can be exported from one country to another. Contrarily, external democracy promotion is always a complex interplay of external and local actors. As democracy is still a deeply contested concept, its promotion must respond to local needs and initiatives in order to be accepted, useful and sus­tainable. While scholars have focused mostly on the out­comes of such processes, the actual interactions between external and local actors are still treated as “black boxes” that we know very little about.

The latest special issue of the journal Demo­crati­zation addres­ses this research gap by analyzing democracy promotion nego­tiation in various contexts, including case studies on Venezuela, Ethiopia, Croatia, Morocco and Tunisia. Annika Elena Poppe and Jonas Wolff (PRIF) were involved as co-editors and authors of the edition published in May 2019 under the title “The nego­tiation of democracy promotion. Issues, para­meters and conse­quences”. It was developed within the framework of the research network „EDP - External Democracy Promotion“ (funded by the Leibniz Asso­ciation), which PRIF has been coordinating since 2015. The issue is freely acces­sible via Open Access.

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