HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Mon, 26 Aug 2019 08:57:50 +0200 Mon, 26 Aug 2019 08:57:50 +0200 news-6781 Fri, 23 Aug 2019 15:01:59 +0200 Natural Resource, Grievances and Conflict https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/natural-resource-grievances-and-conflict/ New PRIF study on the local effects of the Bolivian lithium program published Growing investments in electromobility worldwide are increasing the demand for metals such as lithium, which is needed for the production of batteries. As the political debate often focuses on the environmental and climate protection aspects of e-mobility, the conflict potential of local raw material extraction is neglected. Research has long shown that raw material extraction projects have far-reaching consequences for society and the environment and are closely linked to the emergence of conflicts.

In the recently published PRIF study 'Natural Resource, Governance, Grievances and Conflict' Janine Romero Valenzuela examines these interrelationships in the case of Bolivia, one of the main producers of lithium worldwide. Using extensive empirical material, she investigates the question of why there were no major conflicts in the Bolivian mining regions despite local consequences for both humans and nature. Using a Grievance approach, she identifies various governance strategies of the Evo Morales government that had a positive impact on local meaning production and thus reduced the potential for conflict. By comparing her results with the case of Argentina, her dissertation complements the theoretical discussion on the link between resources, governance and conflicts.

The PRIF study "Natural Resource, Governance, Grievances and Conflict. The Case of the Bolivian Lithium Program" has been published by Spinger VS.

news-6783 Fri, 23 Aug 2019 14:48:26 +0200 PRIF Report 3/2019: Kolumbiens Gewalt-Frieden https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/kolumbiens-gewalt-frieden/ PRIF Report 3/2019 über den Anstieg der Gewalt an sozialen Aktivisten und Aktivistinnen seit dem Friedensabkommen 2016 in Kolumbien Der Ende 2016 ausgehandelte Friedensvertrag zwischen der kolumbianischen Regierung und der ältesten lateinamerikanischen Guerilla Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP) beendete einen mehr als 50 Jahre anhaltenden bewaffneten Konflikt und wurde international gefeiert. Doch mit der Unterzeichnung dieses Friedensschlusses sind die Probleme nicht gelöst, der Aufbau eines stabilen und dauerhaften Friedens ist in vielerlei Hinsicht noch unsicher. Trotz weitgehend erfolgreicher Demobilisierung und der Waffenabgabe der FARC-EP sowie einer allgemeinen Reduktion der Gewalt stieg die Anzahl der Morde an „sozialen Anführerinnen und Anführern“ seit 2016 kontinuierlich an und erreichte 2018 einen nie zuvor dokumentierten Höchststand.

Sophie Rähme sucht im PRIF Report 3/2019 nach den Ursachen und Bedingungen, die diesem jüngsten Anstieg der Gewalt zugrunde liegen.

Download (pdf): Kolumbiens Gewalt-Frieden. Zum Anstieg der Gewalt gegen soziale Aktivisten und Aktivistinnen seit dem Friedensabkommen 2016.

news-6780 Wed, 21 Aug 2019 09:30:31 +0200 Gesellschaft Extrem: Sammelband erschienen https://gesellschaftextrem.hsfk.de/ergebnisse/buch/ Was wissen wir über Radikalisierung? Neuer Sammelband gibt Überblick über zentrale Aspekte des Phänomens news-6774 Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:55:20 +0200 Stabilizing the peace process in Colombia https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/stabilizing-the-peace-process-in-colombia/ Instituto CAPAZ receives funding from the Federal Foreign Office to promote stabilization of the peace process The German-Colombian Peace Institute - Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz (Instituto CAPAZ) receives special funds from the Federal Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt) amounting to 365,000 Euros to promote the stabilization of the Colombian peace process. The funds will be used to provide scientific support for the special jurisdiction for peace (Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, JEP) and the Truth Commission (Comisión para el Esclarecimiento de la Verdad, CEV), including through the Justus Liebig University in Giessen (JLU). The grant agreement was signed last Friday in Bogotá by Dr. Peter Ptassek, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Colombia, and Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters, Director of the Instituto CAPAZ and Professor of Peace Research at JLU. A group of JLU students was also present at the signing ceremony.

The project is carried out in cooperation between the Instituto CAPAZ, the Research Center for Latin American Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure (CEDPAL), the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen and the JLU. The Giessen-based peace researcher and project leader Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters emphasizes the importance of the project for lasting peace: "Dealing with the past is a painful but necessary process in order to create peace. The JEP and the CEV are two key elements in this process. We look forward to working with them to strengthen peace in Colombia".

In April this year, the Instituto CAPAZ initially concluded a joint cooperation agreement with the JEP, followed in June by a further agreement with the CEV. In this agreement, the parties formulated their intention to support the JEP and CEV as two important components of the Colombian system of truth, justice, compensation and non-repetition. "Thanks to the commitment of the Federal Foreign Office, in particular Federal Minister Heiko Maas, funds are now available to develop initiatives for sustainable cooperation with the JEP and CEV and to provide scientific support for the work of the two institutions," said Peters.

The CAPAZ Institute

Since its foundation in 2017, the Instituto CAPAZ has been working very successfully and has received great recognition from the most important institutions created for the peace process. Since May 2019 it has also been one of five DAAD Centres of Excellence worldwide. It is led by two consortia of Colombian and German universities and research institutions, including PRIF on the German side, which is represented on the board by Jonas Wolff. The consortium is led by Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (JLU) with project leader Thilo Marauhn, who also heads the International Law Research Group at PRIF.

Press release of the Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

news-6771 Thu, 15 Aug 2019 12:23:59 +0200 New publication: Justice and Peace https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/new-publication-justice-and-peace/ New PRIF anthology published about the role of justice claims in international cooperation and conflict Often enough, peace and justice come into competition or even conflict with each other. But under what conditions do implicit or explicit ideas of justice held by actors lead to violent conflicts, and under what conditions can they form the basis for sustainable peace? And how can justice conflicts constructively be dealt with? These questions were addressed by PRIF researchers in the "Just Peace Governance" research program from 2011 to 2017.

The most important results of the different research projects carried out as part of the eight-year research program have now been compiled in a new and comprehensive PRIF anthology. The eleven contributions deal with justice conflicts in democracy promotion and the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, the importance of institutional justice in the African Union, the role of justice claims in peace negotiations in Afghanistan, and much more.

The volume ‘Justice and Peace. The Role of Justice Claims in International Cooperation and Conflict’ was published by Springer VS and is edited by Caroline Fehl, Dirk Peters, Simone Wisotzki and Jonas Wolff. Harald Müller's article 'Justice from an Interdisciplinary Perspective: The Impact of the Revolution in Human Sciences on Peace Research and International Relations' is freely available under a CC BY 4.0 license.

news-6770 Thu, 15 Aug 2019 10:01:12 +0200 Panel discussion on Theodor W. Adorno https://www.kultur-frankfurt.de/portal/de/Presse/01.08.2019-e2809eDiegesellschaftlichenVoraussetzungendesFaschismusdauernforte2809c/1169/0/94003/mod2281-details1/161.aspx "The social prerequisites of fascism continue - Adorno's topicality" - recording available online (in German) news-6767 Fri, 09 Aug 2019 12:00:09 +0200 PRIF Blog: The end of the INF-Treaty https://blog.prif.org/2019/08/09/das-ende-des-inf-vertrags-katerstimmung-in-europa/ Is Europe once again becoming the arena for nuclear war planning? Jana Baldus on PRIF Blog [German only]. news-6764 Wed, 07 Aug 2019 13:32:34 +0200 PRIF Blog: Indigenous Peoples under pressure https://blog.prif.org/2019/08/07/indigenous-peoples-experiences-some-observations-about-the-new-political-era-in-latin-america/ Carlos Salamanca on why denying indigenous peoples their basic rights is not only an issue of minority politics news-6763 Mon, 29 Jul 2019 13:20:00 +0200 Gerechtigkeitskonflikte und Normenentwicklung https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/gerechtigkeitskonflikte-und-normenentwicklung/ Gregor Peter Hofmann untersucht die internationale Umstrittenheit der Responsibility to Protect (R2P) Entwickelt mit dem Ziel den Schutz vor Völkermord, Kriegsverbrechen, ethnischer Säuberung und Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit zu gewährleisten, war die Responsibility to Protect von Anfang an hoch umstritten. Denn wird ein Staat seiner Verantwortung, das Wohlergehen der eigenen Bevölkerung zu sichern, nicht gerecht, kann die internationale Staatengemeinschaft nach Entscheidung des Sicherheitsrates der Vereinten Nationen zivile aber auch militärische Maßnahmen gegen diesen Staat ergreifen.

Die Entwicklung der R2P zeichnet Gregor Peter Hofmann empirisch detailliert aus einer konstruktivistischen Perspektive nach. Dabei untersucht er konkret, wie konträre Vorstellungen über eine gerechte Weltordnung im Spannungsfeld zwischen individuellen Menschenrechten, staatlichen Souveränitätsansprüchen und Forderungen nach prozeduraler Gerechtigkeit das Normbündel der Schutzverantwortung prägen.

Die Dissertation mit dem Titel „Gerechtigkeitskonflikte und Normentwicklung - Die internationale Umstrittenheit der Responsibility to Protect“ ist im Verlag Springer VS erschienen.

news-6761 Thu, 25 Jul 2019 12:25:57 +0200 PRIF Report: A Humanitarian Milestone? https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prif-report-a-humanitarian-milestone/ PRIF Report 2/2019 on NATO’s 1999 intervention in Kosovo and trends in military responses to mass violence NATO’s 1999 intervention in Kosovo was highly contested and seen as a turning point in international responses to mass violence. PRIF staff member Thorsten Gromes is evaluating this perception in the new PRIF Report 2/2019.

Making use of a new dataset on so-called “humanitarian military interventions” since the Second World War,  Mr. Gromes examines the extent to which the Kosovo intervention has indeed initiated new trends. He can show that in comparison with other cases NATO’s Operation Allied Force differed from other military interventions with a declared humanitarian purpose. Moreover, he introduces a typology of humanitarian military interventions and proposes a new measurement of their outcome that can facilitate comparative research.

Download (pdf): Gromes, Thorsten (2019): A Humanitarian Milestone? NATO’s 1999 Intervention in Kosovo and Trends in Military Responses to Mass Violence, PRIF Report 2/2019, Frankfurt/M.

news-6756 Tue, 23 Jul 2019 12:15:49 +0200 UN climate security policy: Germany's responsibility https://blog.prif.org/2019/07/23/deutschlands-verantwortung-fuer-eine-un-klimasicherheitspolitik/ PRIF Blog: Why concrete initiatives are needed now to regain German credibility. By Stefan Kroll (in German) news-6754 Tue, 23 Jul 2019 10:50:00 +0200 Volume Contested World Orders out now https://www.hsfk.de/en/research/contested-world-orders/#c2755 Oxford University Press publication contains contributions by four PRIF researchers news-6752 Thu, 18 Jul 2019 13:10:26 +0200 Turkish peace activist acquitted https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/turkish-peace-activist-acquitted/ Turkish court acquits Hessian Peace Prize winner 2018 Şebnem Korur Fincancı of accusation of supporting terrorism The human rights activist and Hessian Peace Prize laureate Dr. Şebnem Korur Fincancı and two other co-defendants were acquitted of charges of terrorist propaganda by a Turkish court on Wednesday. Fincancı and the journalists Erol Önderoğlu (Reporters without Borders) and Ahmet Nesin were arrested in 2016 for a campaign in solidarity with the subsequently banned pro-Kurdish newspaper Ozgür Gündem and charged with 'terrorist propaganda' as well as 'justifying' and 'inciting crime'. In a symbolic act of media pluralism, they had taken over the editor-in-chief of the newspaper for one day at a time.

Fincancı, which was the only one of the three defendants present in the courtroom, declared in her closing speech before the verdict was announced: "The only crime here was a crime against freedom of speech". Reporters Without Borders also assessed the trial as part of the systematic campaign against freedom of the press and opinion in Turkey.

However, the acquittal is only a partial victory, as the expert on torture documentation Şebnem Korur Fincancı is facing another trial for alleged 'terrorist propaganda'. Because she signed the peace petition "We will not be a party to this crime" with more than 1000 academics in 2016, she was sentenced to two and a half years in prison in December 2018. This fall, the court of appeal will decide whether this sentence remains valid.

Further Information in German

No Peace without Human Rights - PRIF Spotlight on the Award Ceremony of the Hessian Peace Prize 2018 for Şebnem Korur Fincancı (in German)

Press Release of the German Peace Institutes regarding the conviction of Şebnem Korur Fincancı in Dec 2018

On February 7 2019 the Hessian Parliament has expressed its solidarity with Fincancı and criticesed the imprisonment of journalists, academics and democratically elected representatives in Turkey: Motion in the Hessian Parliament: Hafturteil gegen Ärztin und Hessische Friedenspreisträgerin 2018

news-6750 Thu, 18 Jul 2019 11:20:00 +0200 PRIF TALK with Antonio Arcudi on Norm Disputes https://blog.prif.org/2019/07/18/podcast-002-mit-antonio-arcudi-internationale-normen-im-streit In our latest episode of PRIF TALK, we speak with Antonio Arcudi about his research and his doctoral studies at PRIF - available as podcast and video (in German) news-6748 Wed, 17 Jul 2019 15:00:52 +0200 Chernobyl’s Fallout, Beyond Radiation https://blog.prif.org/2019/07/17/chernobyls-fallout-beyond-radiation/ From the Soviet Union’s fall to Ukraine’s nuclear disarmament, the disaster changed the region, argues Mariana Budjeryn news-6747 Wed, 17 Jul 2019 12:12:47 +0200 Visiting professor from Harvard Kennedy School https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/visiting-professor-from-harvard-kennedy-school/ Mariana Budjeryn is an expert on nuclear proliferation and disarmament at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center PRIF is delighted to welcome Mariana Budjeryn from Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center as a guest professor. Her fields of research include nuclear history, nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament, security studies, Soviet history and post-Soviet transition. Her current work focuses on the history of nuclear disarmament of Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Mariana’s stay in Frankfurt this July forms another addition to her impressive international academic career as she already studied and worked in Kyiv, Budapest, London, Prague and the US. She holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Political Science and International Relations from Central European University in Budapest.

Read Mariana Budjeryn’s latest post on the Washington Post’s Monkey Cage Blog on the aftermath of Chernobyl titled “Chernobyl’s effects go far beyond what you’re seeing on HBO. It shook up geopolitics for years“.

news-6744 Wed, 17 Jul 2019 10:33:38 +0200 Strengthening peace and conflict research https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/strengthening-peace-and-conflict-research/ Council of Science and Humanities recommends programs to promote supraregional cooperation in Germany (in German) In its recommendations on the further development of peace and conflict research, the Council of Science and Humanities stated that a temporary federal funding programme should significantly strengthen supraregional cooperation in peace and conflict research in Germany. Although the interdisciplinary field of research is very well positioned overall and earlier controversies between security policy research and peace and conflict research have largely been overcome, "better networking within the field of research and with related disciplines would allow the great potential in research and policy advice to be exploited even more effectively and international visibility to be further increased".

The funding should enable the institutions to develop and pursue joint strategies across locations, to intensify interdisciplinary research, to make existing competencies and contacts more visible, and to gain an overview of research data. The Council of Science and Humanities also sees responsibility in the states and calls on them to further strengthen regional cooperation in peace and conflict research through complementary programmes.

In order to further develop research funding, the Council of Science and Humanities recommends that the federal and state ministries increase the duration and funding volume of their research projects and peace and conflict research projects. This should strengthen the link between applied and basic research, which is equally important and profitable for science, politics and civil society.

"We consider the recommendations of the Science Council to be correct and important," says Nicole Deitelhoff, Managing Director of HSFK, "In addition to better networking, the recommended increased investment in scientific and technical peace research, e.g. in the area of cyber security, is also indispensable in order to develop strategies for dealing with new technologies," Deitelhoff continues.

The background to the Science Council's recommendations on the further development of peace and conflict research was a comprehensive evaluation of the research field initiated by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research at the request of the German Bundestag. This evaluation covered both university research and teaching as well as non-university research and the role of the German Research Foundation (DSF).

Press release "Wissenschaftsrat calls for further strengthening of peace and conflict research", 15 July 2019 (in German)

Recommendations for the Further Development of Peace and Conflict Research, July 2019 (PDF in German, 1MB)

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

news-6742 Mon, 15 Jul 2019 14:55:12 +0200 What remains of Macron's ideas for the EU? https://blog.prif.org/2019/07/15/wir-brauchen-europaeische-souveraenitaet-und-demokratie/ Video: Talk by Nicole Deitelhoff on the idea of European sovereignty and its development (in German) news-6738 Thu, 11 Jul 2019 13:27:43 +0200 Preventing Civic Space Restrictions https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/preventing-civic-space-restrictions/ PRIF Report 1/2019 on successful resistance against NGO Laws in Azerbaijan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan and Zambia. In many countries around the world, civil society organizations are facing increasing restrictions that constrain their autonomy, capacity and/or freedom of action. While the general phenomenon of shrinking civic space and the adoption of legal restrictions in particular have become more widespread since the early 2000s, there are also cases in which governmental attempts to adopt restrictive NGO laws have been frustrated, aborted or, at least, significantly mitigated as a consequence of domestic and/or international resistance. PRIF Report 1/2019 "Preventing Civic Space Restrictions. An Exploratory Study of Successful Resistance Against NGO Laws" takes a look at four such cases (Azerbaijan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan and Zambia) and identifies conditions and dynamics that help understand successful resistance against legal civic space restrictions.

Download (pdf): Baldus, Jana/Berger-Kern, Nora/Hetz, Fabian/Poppe, Annika Elena/Wolff, Jonas (2019): Preventing Civic Space Restrictions. An Exploratory Study of Successful Resistance Against NGO Laws, PRIF Report 1/2019, Frankfurt/M.

news-6740 Thu, 11 Jul 2019 09:11:00 +0200 Egyptian guest researcher at PRIF https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/egyptian-guest-researcher-at-prif/ Amr Salaheldin Alaaeldin Mohamed from Cairo will be working on a paper on de-democratization. A new guest scientist is visiting PRIF: We are pleased to welcome Amr Salaheldin Alaaeldin Mohamed from Cairo, Egypt.

During his three-month stay, he is working on an essay dealing with the international dimension of processes of de-democratization, with the situation in Egypt as a case study. He is also looking forward to the exchange with Jonas Wolff and Irene Weipert-Fenner, who work on protest dynamics and political transformation processes in Egypt.