HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Wed, 20 Feb 2019 16:21:44 +0100 Wed, 20 Feb 2019 16:21:44 +0100 news-6570 Tue, 12 Feb 2019 13:45:36 +0100 Security Challenges to the 2019 Election in Nigeria https://blog.prif.org/2019/02/12/security-challenges-to-the-2019-election-in-nigeria/ Blog post by Aderemi Suleiman Ajala and Nina Müller on the worrisome security situation in Nigeria news-6569 Mon, 11 Feb 2019 15:08:08 +0100 War and peace in the past and present https://blog.prif.org/2019/02/11/ueberlegungen-zu-krieg-und-frieden-in-geschichte-und-gegenwart-lothar-brock-im-gespraech/ Lothar Brock has been active at PRIF for almost 40 years. An interview on the occasion of his 80th birthday (in German) news-6567 Fri, 08 Feb 2019 14:31:37 +0100 Peace prize winner faces prison sentence https://www.hsfk.de/en/the-peace-research-institute/awards/awardees-of-the-hessian-peace-prize/hessian-peace-prize-2018/ Şebnem Korur Fincancı is threatened by two and a half years imprisonment for "terrorist propaganda" in Turkey. The appeal procedure is currently underway. news-6565 Thu, 07 Feb 2019 11:45:55 +0100 PRIF Blog: Kippa Day yes, Hijab Day no? https://blog.prif.org/2019/02/07/kippa-tag-ja-kopftuch-tag-nein-doppelstandards-beschaedigen-die-glaubwuerdigkeit-des-freiheitsversprechens/ Sabine Mannitz pleads for solidarity and differentiation instead of polarization in the hijab debate. (in German) news-6560 Tue, 05 Feb 2019 15:32:05 +0100 Islamist Radicalization in Egypt and Tunisia https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/islamist-radicalization-in-egypt-and-tunisia/ Working Paper by Clara-Auguste Süß and Ahmad Noor Aakhunzzada on the Socioeconomic Dimension of Radicalization Based on a com­pre­hen­sive study of both aca­demic pub­li­cations and grey literature and in­formed by social move­ment theory, PRIF Working Paper "The Socioeconomic Dimension of Islamist Radicalization in Egypt and Tunisia" analyzes pro­cesses of Is­la­mist ra­di­ca­li­zation in Egypt and Tunisia. The authors Clara-Auguste Süß and Ahmad Noor Aakhunzzada develop a theo­re­ti­cal frame­work that iden­ti­fies key mechanisms that link socio­eco­nomic factors and Is­la­mist ra­di­ca­li­zation, and sys­te­ma­ti­cally re­view the existing re­search in order to iden­ti­fy evi­dence that supports the rele­vance of each of the dif­ferent mechanisms.

More specifi­cally, the authors dis­tin­guish bet­ween socio­eco­no­mic grievances, socio­eco­nomic op­por­tu­nities and fra­ming pro­cesses that build on socio­eco­no­mic narratives. Socio­eco­no­mic grie­vances can drive ra­di­ca­li­zation pro­cesses (a) by mo­ti­va­ting in­di­vi­duals or groups to use vio­lent tactics or join violent groups, and (b) by con­tri­bu­ting to the de­le­gi­ti­mi­zation of the state, which, in turn, can le­gi­ti­mize the use of vio­lence. Socio­eco­no­mic op­por­tunities, which are basically con­sti­tuted by the (relative) ab­sence of the state and of state services, can con­tri­bute to ra­di­ca­li­zation (a) by fa­ci­li­tating the gen­eration of material resources by vio­lent groups, and (b) by pro­vi­ding radical groups with the op­por­tu­nity to at­tract sup­porters and fol­lowers by offering social services. Even if analyzing those mechanisms re­veals ob­vious inter­con­nections in the form of fra­ming pro­cesses and socio­eco­no­mic nar­ratives, the literature re­view showed that this con­struc­ti­vist per­spec­tive re­mains under­studied.

Download (pdf, 423kb): Süß, Clara-Auguste/Aakhunzzada, Ahmad Noor Baheige (2019): The Socioeconomic Dimension of Islamist Radicalization in Egypt and Tunisia, PRIF Working Papers No. 45, Frankfurt/M.

news-6556 Thu, 31 Jan 2019 16:37:23 +0100 Why the INF treaty is so important https://www.hsfk.de/en/research/sicherheit-in-nigeria/ Interview with Prof. em. Harald Müller, expert for nuclear arms control and former head of PRIF (in German) news-6554 Thu, 31 Jan 2019 16:04:50 +0100 PRIF Blog: War returns to Colombia https://blog.prif.org/2019/01/31/war-returns-to-colombia/ In the wake of the recent attack, the government ended the peace negotiations with the ELN in Cuba - by Francis O'Connor and Gory Suarez news-6545 Mon, 28 Jan 2019 15:06:00 +0100 Insurgent Groups and Civilians https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/insurgent-groups-and-civilians/ The spatial dimension of insurgent-civilian relations - PRIF Working Paper by Francis O'Connor This wor­king paper is a first step in the develop­ment of a con­cep­tual frame­work to analyse the spaces where in­surgents and civilians inter­act. Buil­ding on re­lational research ad­dres­sing in­surgent support net­works and rebel gover­nance, it develops the con­cept of Rou­ti­nised In­surgent Space (RIS) as a means to sys­te­ma­ti­cally as­sess the way that move­ments spa­tially order inter­actions with existing and po­ten­tial sup­porters. Francis O’Connor focuses in PRIF Working Paper "The Spatial Dimension of Insurgent-Civilian Relations: Routinised Insurgent Space" on four specific examples of RIS: in­surgent systems of justice and policing, service pro­vision, prison mo­bi­li­sation and funerals. It draws pri­ma­ri­ly on two case studies, the M-19 in Colombia (early 1970s–1990) and the PKK in Turkey (mid 1970s–1999).

Download (pdf, 396 kb): Francis O'Connor (2019): The Spatial Dimension of Insurgent-Civilian Relations: Routinised Insurgent Space, PRIF Working Papers No. 44, Frankfurt/M.

news-6546 Mon, 28 Jan 2019 14:41:00 +0100 Greece and Macedonia settle name dispute https://blog.prif.org/2019/01/25/hindernislauf-absolviert-das-abkommen-zum-namensstreit-um-mazedonien-tritt-in-kraft/ PRIF Blog: Thorsten Gromes on the Greek parliament's ratification of the Prespa Agreement. (in German) news-6547 Fri, 25 Jan 2019 16:12:35 +0100 The Non-Development of International Norms https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/the-non-development-of-international-norms/ Elvira Rosert deals with the question of what prevents or enables normative progress in the international system (German) Elvira Rosert geht der Frage nach, was normativen Fortschritt im internationalen System ermöglicht und was ihn verhindert. Während die konstruktivistische Normenforschung für den Erfolg von Normsetzungsprozessen zahlreiche Erklärungen bietet, analysiert die Autorin deren Misserfolg. Sie entwickelt eine Theorie der Nicht-Entstehung internationaler Normen und formuliert eine kontraintuitive These: Anders als bisher angenommen, profitieren Normen nicht nur voneinander, sondern blockieren sich gegenseitig. Wie solche Blockadeprozesse vonstatten gehen, erfasst die Autorin mit dem Modell der permissiven Effekte. Dessen Erklärungskraft demonstrieren detaillierte empirische Fallstudien zur internationalen Regulierung von Brandwaffen, Landminen und Streumunition.

Rosert, Elvira (2019): Die Nicht-Entstehung internationaler Normen. Permissive Effekte in der humanitären Rüstungskontrolle, Wiesbaden: VS Springer.


news-6539 Tue, 22 Jan 2019 11:00:38 +0100 Negotiating Between Unequal Neighbours https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/negotiating-between-unequal-neighbours/ PRIF Working Paper by Prakash Bhattarai on India's Role in Nepal's Recent Constitution-Making Process Nepal’s post-conflict con­­sti­­tution-making pro­cess has seen the involve­­ment of many inter­­national actors. While studies on demo­­cracy pro­­mo­tion, to this day, mainly focus on Western "donors" and inter­­national or­­ga­ni­­zations, PRIF Working Paper No. 43 "Negotiating Between Unequal Neighbours: India's Role in Nepal's Recent Constitution-Making Process" looks at the role played by India in the com­­pli­­cated pro­cess of moving from a peace agree­­ment to the establish­­ment of an inclusive, demo­­cratic con­­sti­­tution in Nepal. More specifi­cally, the author Prakash Bhattarai analyses how a power­­ful neigh­­bouring demo­­cracy (India) partici­pated in what is essen­tially a domestic nego­­ti­ation pro­cess (con­­sti­­tution-making) with a view to in­­fluen­­cing the emer­­ging demo­­cratic regime. In terms of the issues on the ne­go­tiation table, his analysis shows that India, in pushing for an in­­clusive con­­sti­­tution, pursued the specific agenda of sup­porting the in­­clusion of the Madheshis, an ethnic group mostly living in Nepal’s Terai region. In terms of ne­go­­tiation strategies, the paper iden­ti­fies four dif­ferent ways in which India tried to in­fluence the con­­sti­­tution: high-level dialogue; eco­­nomic blockade; inter­­national coalition building; and targeted support of do­mestic op­­positional forces in Nepal. Com­­pre­­hensive as this nego­tia­tion strategy was, it only met with partial success. Para­­meters that limited India’s in­fluence included the domestic strength and le­gi­­ti­macy of the official Nepali position (elite align­ment; popular support) as well as scepticism con­­cerning India’s role in Nepal, which was rei­­nforced by India’s overly partisan agenda.

Download (pdf, 350kb): Bhattarai, Prakash (2018): Negotiating Between Unequal Neighbours: India's Role in Nepal's Recent Constitution-Making Process, PRIF Working Papers No. 43, Frankfurt/M.

news-6537 Mon, 21 Jan 2019 13:22:40 +0100 Is the commercial whaling ban in danger? https://blog.prif.org/2019/01/21/is-the-commercial-whaling-ban-in-danger-japans-withdrawal-from-the-international-whaling-commission/ PRIF Blog: Lisbeth Zimmermann on the effects of Japan's withdrawal from the International Whaling Commission news-6543 Thu, 17 Jan 2019 09:15:23 +0100 PRIF publications now on "Paul Open Search" https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prif-publications-now-on-paul-open-search/ Online platform for political research includes PRIF Spotlights, PRIF Reports and the PRIF Blog in its database. We'd like you to meet Paul. Paul may not be a new employee, but he also has excellent research skills in political science and is well networked. He finds scientific studies, articles and reports with just a few keywords. Since a few days ago, Paul has also been eager to take our in-house publications under his octopus arms and share them with all those interested in politics and science.

Paul is the „Paul Open Search“ platform for researching political backgrounds. It bundles content from around 50 different organisations, institutes, NGOs, foundations, magazines and think tanks. Paul Open Search and PRIF are now working together: our Open Access in-house publications (PRIF Spotlights, PRIF Reports and PRIF Blog) have recently been integrated into "Paul Open Search" and are thus part of the offering for high-quality political content from different perspectives.

news-6530 Mon, 07 Jan 2019 14:20:03 +0100 Land of the Free and Incarcerated https://blog.prif.org/2019/01/07/land-of-the-free-and-incarcerated-mass-incarceration-of-people-of-color-in-the-us/ The social logic behind mass incarceration of people of color in the US - new post at PRIF Blog by Klara Sinha news-6526 Tue, 18 Dec 2018 14:34:48 +0100 "Othering" Across and Beyond the Pond https://blog.prif.org/2018/12/18/othering-across-and-beyond-the-pond/ PRIF Blog: Annika Elena Poppe on the role of othering in the transatlantic relationship news-6520 Tue, 27 Nov 2018 16:04:14 +0100 Guest researcher from Ruanda at PRIF https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/guest-researcher-from-ruanda-at-prif/ Innocent Twagilimana from the University of Rwanda in Kigali will be a visiting researcher at PRIF for the next three months. Since last week we are happy to host our new guest researcher from Rwanda: Innocent Twagilimana will be working on his research project in the next three months at PRIF.

He is concerned with investigating how peace education, for all categories of people including youth, can be implemented with the help of social media in the Great Lakes region of Africa.

"I try to use the three months as effectively as possible," says Innocent Twagilimana. "I'm trying to work on a small aspect of my project here intensively, so that I can write a journal article about it before going back home.”

At the University of Rwanda in Kigali, Twagilimana works at the College of Education, where he also teaches courses and is Head of Department.

The first impression of Frankfurt is positive: "People here are very polite and friendly; I did not experience any problem for buying the appropriate ticket for public transport right on my arrival for example. People were very devoted to help the hesitating stranger”.  

news-6518 Thu, 22 Nov 2018 10:10:00 +0100 Southwest Colombia: Key challenges for peace https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/southwest-colombia-key-challenges-for-peace/ German-Colombian Peace Institute (CAPAZ) publishes first research findings. In spotlight: the port city of Tumaco. The German-Colom­bian Peace Institute (Instituto CAPAZ) has pub­lished its first working paper on the dynamics of armed conflict in the port city of Tumaco in south­western Colombia. Even after the 2016 peace agree­ment between the Colom­bian govern­ment and the guerrilla movement Fuerzas Armadas Revo­luciona­rias de Colombia – Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP), violence con­tinues to erupt there, as illegal groups compete for control of the illegal eco­nomy and engage in clashes with state secu­rity forces.

As the authors Luis Gabriel Salas Salazar, Fabián Eduardo Camelo (both Univer­sidad Nacional de Colombia) and Jonas Wolff (HSFK) impres­sively demon­strate with their presen­tation of local develop­ments from 1990 to 2017, the Tumaco region is thus an example of the most impor­tant chal­lenges faced by the Colom­bian peace process.

The Instituto CAPAZ was founded in 2016 by ten univer­sities and research insti­tutions from Colombia and Germany, with the partici­pation of PRIF, in order to gather know­ledge about the causes, dynamics and conse­quences of the Colombian conflict, to initiate social de­bates and thus support the peace process.

On No­vember 22, 2018, CAPAZ will host a panel dis­cussion entitled "Kolumbien: Beiträge der Lateinamerika-Forschung zum Friedensprozess" at the Institute for Latin Ame­rican Studies at Freie Universität Berlin. In addition to an in-depth discussion on contem­porary research on Colombia in Germany, ten academic experts will present their current research and comment on the main problems and perspec­tives in the peace process from their perspec­tive.

news-6516 Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:11:02 +0100 PRIF Blog: Assessing UNFAO's day-to-day actions https://blog.prif.org/2018/11/21/mainstreaming-the-human-right-to-food-within-the-fao/ UN Food and Agricultural Organization's actions aren't always living up to its ambitioned rhetoric, writes Carolin Anthes. news-6505 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 13:35:00 +0100 Winner of the Hessian Peace Prize 2018 announced https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/winner-of-the-hessian-peace-prize-2018-announced/ On Thursday it was announced in Wiesbaden that the Hessian Peace Prize 2018 will be awarded to Şebnem Korur Fincancı Şebnem Korur Fincancı was born in Istanbul in 1959. After studying medicine at the University of Istanbul, she worked as a forensic doctor and is currently professor of forensics at the University of Istanbul. She is chairwoman of the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (TIHV), a leading international expert on torture documentation, a former member of the executive committee of the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) and one of the main authors of the "Istanbul Protocol", the international standard work on the investigation and documentation of traces of torture. Fincancı has been working for many years under the most difficult political conditions for the documentation of torture and the rehabilitation of torture victims and is one of the leading peace and human rights activists in Turkey. She was arrested in her capacity as president of the TIHV in her home country on charges of propaganda for a terrorist organisation.

Şebnem Korur Fincancı devoted herself with great commitment to the documentation and clarification of torture and human rights violations. With her work she shows the high importance of evidence-based medical research for the realisation of peace, reparation and constructive conflict management. Her work focuses in particular on the question of how physical and psychological torture can be recognized and documented. This is not only of utmost importance for adequate medical and therapeutic care of the victims, but also a prerequisite for legal prosecution and political processing of the crimes. Only the systematic detection of traces of torture creates the prerequisite for the preservation of peace and the hope of reconciliation. Şebnem Korur Fincancıs work on the "Istanbul Protocol", which has created international standards for the investigation and documentation of torture.

The Hessian Peace Prize was established on 16 October 1993 by former Hessian Prime Minister Albert Osswald and the foundation he established. It is awarded to people who have rendered outstanding services to international understanding and peace. Each year, a prize winner selected by the Hessian Peace Prize Board of Trustees receives the prize endowed with 25,000 euros. The PRIF advises the Board of Trustees on the selection and documents the award ceremony.

Previous winners of the Hessian Peace Prize

news-6499 Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:02:33 +0100 Democracy Promotion in Times of Uncertainty https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/democracy-promotion-in-times-of-uncertainty/ PRIF Report 13/2018 on current trends and challenges - written by the EDP Network Is demo­cracy in crisis through­out the world and how alarmed should we be? And what about inter­national demo­cracy pro­motion - is there a need for re­concept­ualization? PRIF Report 13/2018 "Demo­cracy Pro­motion in Times of Un­cer­tainty. Trends and Challenges" is a joint policy paper written by members of the re­search net­work "External Demo­cracy Pro­motion" (EDP Net­work). It aims at giving a con­cise and pointed over­view of key trends and challenges that charac­terize the field of inter­national demo­cracy pro­motion today, and it offers re­commen­dations for demo­cracy pro­moters and policy makers on how to con­tinue a more pro­mising engage­ment. The report is in­tended for practi­tioners, aca­demics and all those interested in the state and future of demo­cracy globally.

Download (pfd, 1,05mb): EDP Network (2018): Democracy Promotion in Times of Uncertainty. Trends and Challenges. PRIF Report 13/2018, Frankfurt/M.