HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Thu, 26 Apr 2018 01:46:13 +0200 Thu, 26 Apr 2018 01:46:13 +0200 news-6391 Mon, 23 Apr 2018 15:20:17 +0200 Controlling Drones: Preserve Past Achievements! https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/controlling-drones-preserve-past-achievements/ Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime – PRIF Report by Niklas Schörnig There are quite a few relevant inter­national regimes con­trol­ling the sale and use of drones. The MTCR (Missile Tech­nology Control Regime), originally set up to re­gulate the pro­li­feration of Weapons of Mass Destruc­tion missile de­livery systems, is widely con­sidered the main in­stru­ment for limit­ing the pro­li­feration of UAVs (un­manned aerial vehicles). In 2017, the MTCR turned 30 and calls are being made for the MTCR to focus solely on “trad­itional” rockets, missiles and cruise missiles because in its current for­mu­lation it too strongly curbs the sale of UAVs.

In PRIF Report No. 149 "Preserve Past Achievements! Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime (for the Time Being)", Niklas Schörnig warns against hollow­ing out the MTCR without re­placing it with a new and broader re­gime and re­commends safe­guarding the arms-control norms embedded within the MTCR.

Download (pdf, 192kb): Schörnig, Niklas (2017): Preserve Past Achievements! Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime (for the Time Being), PRIF Report No. 149, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6385 Wed, 11 Apr 2018 15:14:16 +0200 PRIF’s new research program started https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prifs-new-research-program-started/ PRIF Report 2/2018 outlines the ambivalent relationship of “Coercion and Peace” PRIF’s new research program started in 2018. For the next five years the ambivalent relationship of "Coercion and Peace" will provide the framework for a significant part of the research conducted at the institute.

The present PRIF Report 2/2018 “Coercion and Peace. PRIF's New Research Program” outlines the new research program. It identifies overarching questions, crucial conceptual clarifications, and important analytical distinctions, as well as research gaps and research topics. Different research groups will focus on the conditions, forms, effects and kinds of legitimation that characterize coercion to peace as well as coercion in peace. The topic is not merely of academic relevance. By studying the complex ways in which coercion and peace relate to each other, the researchers aim at shedding light on the current plight of the international order and its consequences for international and intrastate conflict.

Download (pdf; 890kb): Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (2018): Coercion and Peace. PRIF's New Research Program, PRIF Report 2/2018, Frankfurt/M.

 

 

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news-6346 Thu, 29 Mar 2018 12:42:00 +0200 Contested Memories in Mozambique https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/contested-memories-in-mozambique/ PRIF Report No. 148 illustrates how contested memories shape Mozambican nation-building after the civil war - by Christoph Kohl In 2012, twenty years after the conclusion of the peace treaty, the armed conflict between the former civil war parties broke out again in Mozambique. In addition to political and economic imbalances, the root causes seem to lie in deep-seated conflicts over memory cultures between the respective supporters of the two civil war parties.

In his PRIF report “Armed Conflict and Contested Memory. A Plea for a Fresh Start in the Politics of Memory in Mozambique”, Christoph Kohl shows how a lack of reckoning with the past from the perspective of the politics of memory prevents successful, inclusive nation-building. He explains which instruments could be used to further process and negotiate the different strands of memory in order to initiate a lasting pacification of Mozambique.

Dr Christoph Kohl is an associated fellow in the research department “Glocal Junctions” at PRIF. His research subjects include processes of nation-building and ethnicity in Africa as well as the transfer of norms in development cooperation.

Download (pdf, 403kb): Kohl, Christoph (2017): Armed Conflict and Contested Memory. A Plea for a Fresh Start in the Politics of Memory in Mozambique, PRIF Report No. 148, Frankfurt/M.

 

 

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news-6364 Mon, 19 Mar 2018 17:00:00 +0100 Special Issue on African Peace Interventions https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/special-issue-on-african-peace-interventions/ African peace interventions seen ‘from below’: Politics and Disconnects – special issue edited by Antonia Witt Afri­can reg­ional organi­zations such as the Afri­can Union (AU) and the Eco­nomic Comm­unity of West Afri­can States (ECOWAS) are in­creas­ingly en­gaged in buil­ding peace and promoting demo­cratic gover­nance within their member states. The special issue of the South Afri­can Jour­nal of Inter­nat­ional Affairs, guest-edited by Antonia Witt, ex­plores Afri­can regional inter­ven­tions as ‘seen from below’.

By focus­ing on the practices and politics of those in­volved in im­plemen­ting, dea­ling with, or livi­ng under the effects of Afri­can inter­ventions it allows the ob­server to better under­stand the con­tested politics of Afri­can inter­ven­tions and dis­con­nects bet­ween grand reg­ional archi­tec­tures and their act­ual im­prints on the ground. Such a shift in pers­pective, Antonia Witt argues in her introductory article and in the conclusion co-authored with Gilbert Khadiagala, offers im­por­tant emp­irical, theo­retical, and norm­ative impli­cat­ions for the study of Afri­can inter­ven­tions.

The con­tributions to this spe­cial issue scrutinize dif­fer­ent sites and anal­yze the prac­tices of di­verse agents of inter­ven­tion, rang­ing from protest­ing civil society groups to liai­son officers and early warn­ing ex­perts. Case studies come from conflicts and reg­ional inter­ven­tions inter alia in Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar and Mali. The special issue unites con­tri­butions from dif­fer­ent disci­plinary back­grounds written by both re­searchers and prac­titioners from across Europe and Africa.

The special issue is the outcome of a workshop organized in January 2017 in Ouagadougou, which was funded under the DFG-Program Point Sud.

 

Publication: “African Peace Interventions Seen ‘from Below’: Politics and Disconnects”, Special Issue South African Journal of International Affairs, Vol 25:1.

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news-6363 Wed, 14 Mar 2018 11:49:04 +0100 Wahlen in Russland: Alles unter Kontrolle? https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/14/alles-unter-kontrolle-praesidentschaftswahl-in-russland-zwischen-regimestabilitaet-und-protest/ Die Proteste im Zuge der Präsidentschaftswahlen üben Druck auf Putins Regime aus. Ein Blogbeitrag von Vera Rogova news-6361 Mon, 12 Mar 2018 14:26:28 +0100 North Korea and the US: Ready for Peace? https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/12/sind-die-usa-zum-frieden-mit-nordkorea-bereit/ On PRIF Blog, Hans-Joachim Schmidt comments on the current developments between North Korea and the US (German only) news-6359 Wed, 07 Mar 2018 10:04:44 +0100 Illegal Ivory Trade, Wildlife and War https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/07/elephant-in-the-room-the-illegal-ivory-trade-wildlife-and-war Killing elephants is also a socio-economic driver of war. A new Blog post by Anton Peez news-6354 Mon, 05 Mar 2018 10:39:13 +0100 The Kurdish Movement in Turkey https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/the-kurdish-movement-in-turkey/ PRIF Report by Francis O’Connor about the Kurdish movement between political differentiation and violent confrontation The last years of Turkish politics have been tumultuous, yet the reemergence of the Kurdish crisis in Turkey has not garnered much international political attention. The region has returned to open war with thousands of casualties and mass repression of Kurdish politicians and activists. The little information, which emerges from this deeply complicated political environment, is often confusing for international audiences.

PRIF Report No. 147 “The Kurdish Movement in Turkey: Between Political Differentiation and Violent Confrontation” by Francis O’Connor sheds some light on the contemporary Kurdish movement. It distinguishes between the movement’s institutional political parties, the People’s Democratic Party (HDP) and the Democratic Regions Party (DBP), and the insurgent movement, the PKK. It outlines the origins and political objectives of the Kurdish parliamentary political tradition and those of the PKK.

Download (pdf, 919kb): O’Connor, Francis (2017): The Kurdish Movement in Turkey: Between Political Differentiation and Violent Confrontation, PRIF Report No. 147, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6352 Thu, 01 Mar 2018 11:27:30 +0100 New Blog Post: Chemical Weapons in Syria https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/28/schrecken-ohne-ende-chemiewaffeneinsaetze-in-syrien/ What are the difficulties for investigation and criminal accountability? A blog post by Una Becker-Jakob (in German only) news-6347 Wed, 21 Feb 2018 13:14:56 +0100 Hessischer Friedenspreis 2017 https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/hessischer-friedenspreis-2017-1/ Schweizer Juristin und Diplomatin Carla del Ponte nimmt am 23. Februar 2018 den Hessischen Friedenspreis entgegen Der Hessische Friedens­preis 2017 geht an Carla del Ponte, eine der bekannt­esten inter­national­en Jurist­innen. Die 1947 ge­borene Schweiz­erin hat vor allem wegen ihrer Er­mit­tlungen im Um­feld organ­isiert­er Krimi­nalität von sich reden gemacht: Zu­nächst als Bundes­anwältin in der Schweiz, später als Chef­an­kläger­in des Inter­national­en Straf­gerichts­hofs für die Kriegs­ver­brechen im ehe­maligen Jugos­lawien und den Völker­mord in Ruanda. In weiteren Station­en war sie als Bot­schafter­in in Argen­tinien und als Sonder­ermittler­in in einer Unter­suchungs­kom-mission zu Kriegs­ver­brechen in Syrien tätig. Inter­national ist sie für ihre Pro­jekte „Frieden durch Recht“ und ihr Streben nach „inter­nationalem Recht für nach­haltige Friedens­ordnung“ bekannt geworden.

Am Freitag, den 23. Februar wird Carla del Ponte den Hessischen Friedens­preis in Wies­baden entgegen nehmen. Der Festakt im Hessischen Land­tag wird vom Hessischen Minister­präsident Volker Bouffier eröffnet; die Laudatio wird Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Angelika Nußberger, Vize­präsidentin des Euro­päischen Gerichts­hofes für Menschenrechte halten. Das Hessische Fernsehen wird die Verleihung live übertragen.

Nicole Deitelhoff als Teil des acht­köpfigen Kur­atoriums, das jedes Jahr über die Preis­trägerinnen und Preis­träger berät, freut sich darauf, Carla del Ponte persönlich kennen­zulernen: „Carla del Ponte ist ein Vorbild und eine Inspiration für unzählige Friedensaktivisten.“

Weitere Informationen auf der Website des Hessischen Landtags.

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news-6344 Wed, 21 Feb 2018 11:15:00 +0100 PRIF Blog: On Citizenship in Turkey https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/21/gluecklich-wer-sich-nicht-nur-tuerke-nennt-yuecel-verdankt-dem-doppelpass-die-freilassung/ Dual citizenship saves Deniz Yücel from more prison time, writes Sabine Mannitz (GER only) news-6339 Tue, 13 Feb 2018 11:07:35 +0100 PRIF Blog: Far-right terrorism in Italy https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/13/why-are-some-italians-shooting-migrants/ The Macerata terror attack and the upcoming elections in Italy. Blog post by P. Castelli Gattinara and F. O’Connor news-6336 Fri, 09 Feb 2018 18:05:00 +0100 HSFK-Kommentar zum Koalitionsvertrag https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/hsfk-kommentar-zum-koalitionsvertrag/ Lange diskutiert und jetzt frisch auf dem Tisch: der Koalitionsvertrag von Union und SPD. Die HSFK ist darin namentlich erwähnt. Kommentar von Julian Junk und Nicole Deitelhoff Lange diskutiert und jetzt frisch auf dem Tisch: der Koalitions­vertrag von Union und SPD in seiner 180 Seiten starken Fassung vom 7. Februar 2018. Die beiden Parteien widmen rund 20 Seiten dem Kapitel „Deutsch­lands Verantwortung für Frieden, Freiheit und Sicher­heit in der Welt“ und auch das Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung für Friedens- und Konflikt­forschung (HSFK) ist darin nament­lich erwähnt.

„Wir nutzen unsere Präsenz in Berlin, um uns regelmäßig mit der Regierung zu ak­tuellen Handlungs­feldern der Außen- und Sicherheits­politik aus­zu­tauschen und unsere Analysen und Empfehl­ungen zu diskutieren“, sagt Dr. Julian Junk, Leiter des Berliner Büros der HSFK. Die als neue Re­gierung an­ge­tretenen Parteien wollen laut dem Koalitions­vertrag die HSFK und andere Ein­richtungen stärken und damit in den außen-, sicherheits- und entwicklungs­politische Sach­verstand investieren. „Uns freut es, dass wir als Institut im Koalition­svertrag nun nament­lich genannt sind. Wir werden unseren etablierten Dialog in Berlin jetzt auch nutzen, um gemeinsam mit der künftigen Bundes­regierung diese Stärk­ung zu konkret­isieren“, so Julian Junk.

Auch ein anderes Thema, für das die HSFK steht, wird im Kapitel „Offensive für Bildung, Forschung und Digitalisierung“ Bedeutung geschenkt: der Forschung zu Demokratie und Frieden. Diese stehe im Fokus der Förderung der neuen Regierung „Für uns als eines der größten deutschen Friedens­forschungs­institute ist das ein positives Sig­nal“, sagt Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitel­hoff, geschäfts­führendes Vorstands­mitglied der HSFK. „Wir hoffen nun auf konkrete Pläne und Taten, wie die neue Bundes­regierung uns und unsere Forschung stärken möchte. Wir sind offen für Gespräche, wie wir die Zusammen­arbeit gemeinsam aktiv gestalten können“, so Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitel­hoff.

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news-6317 Mon, 05 Feb 2018 15:24:00 +0100 Northern Ireland: The End of the Story? https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/northern-ireland-the-end-of-the-story/ PRIF Report by Bernhard Moltmann about a Brexit’s possible effects on the peace process in Northern Ireland The pros­pect of the United King­dom leav­ing the Euro­pean Union in 2019 casts a sha­dow on the al­ready un­stable peace in North­ern Ire­land, the British ex­clave in the north­east of the is­land of Ire­land. The im­pe­ding Brexit re­priori­tizes the issue of border bet­ween North­ern Ire­land and the Re­public of Ire­land. It not only re­veals rifts in British-Euro­pean re­lation­ship; it also ex­poses the latent dis­cord in North­ern Ire­land.

PRIF Report No. 146 “Northern Ireland: The End of the Story? The Peace Process and the Brexit” by Bernhard Moltmann out­lines the ap­proach, frame­work conditions and course of the North­ern Irish peace pro­cess as well as the signs of its im­peding collapse. It also shows the chal­lenges that a Brexit poses for conti­nued peace­ful re­lations in North­ern Ire­land. In a long-term pers­pective, atten­tion should be given to even­tually re­design­ing the pol­itical map of the Brit­ish Isles – al­though that has little chance of short-term success be­cause of the cur­rent lack of ideas and pol­itical as­sertive­ness in North­ern Ire­land.

Down­load (pdf, 201kb): Moltmann, Bernard (2017): Northern Ireland: The End of the Story? The Peace Process and the Brexit”, PRIF Report No. 146, Frankfurt/M.

The German version of the Report is also freely avail­able.

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news-6329 Tue, 30 Jan 2018 11:47:42 +0100 Violating the Arms Trade Treaty https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/violating-the-arms-trade-treaty/ PRIF Spotlight by Simone Wisotzki about arms exports and the humanitarian crisis in Yemen There is an ongoing war in Yemen, which is taking place almost without any public or media attention and is causing immense human suffering to the Yemenite people. The parties to the conflict have violated international humanitarian law repeatedly, while the number of civilian casualties continues to rise and millions are facing famine. However, several states continue to export weapons and military equipment to all sides in the conflict.

Simone Wisotzki shows in PRIF Spotlight 1/2018 „Violating the Arms Trade Treaty: Arms Exports to Saudi Arabia and the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen“ why Western arms transfers to Saudi Arabia are of particular concern and argues for a moratorium on exports to Saudi Arabia.

 

Download (pdf, 633kb): Wisotzki, Simone (2018): Violating the Arms Trade Treaty: Arms Exports to Saudi Arabia and the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. PRIF Spotlight 1/2018, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6326 Mon, 29 Jan 2018 17:44:46 +0100 The Role of Parliaments in Security Policy https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/the-role-of-parliaments-in-security-policy/ Special Issue of the British Journal of Politics and Inter­national Relations – edited by Patrick A. Mello and Dirk Peters The German Bundes­wehr is a ‘parlia­mentary army’, i.e., mili­tary operations must not take place with­out the parlia­ment’s approval. The in­volve­ment of the Bundes­tag is con­sidered as sub­stantial demo­cratic and peace-related achieve­ment as well as a guaran­tee against im­prudent mili­tary ven­tures and the abuse of the mili­tary by the govern­ment. But does parlia­mentary in­volve­ment really lead to a more peace­ful and demo­cratic security policy?

The Special Issue “Parliaments in Security Policy: Involvement, Politicisation, and Influence” of the British Journal of Politics and Inter­national Relations ad­dres­ses these questions. Edited by Patrick A. Mello and Dirk Peters, it deals with the role of parlia­ments in demo­cracies around the world.

Under what cond­itions do they exert in­fluence on security policy? Is it suf­ficient to equip parlia­ments with formal rights of parti­ci­pation? Which impact does their in­volve­ment have on foreign policy? Do states with a parlia­mentary army deploy their military less often than states where solely the govern­ment decides upon mili­tary oper­ations? And how does parlia­mentary in­volve­ment affect pol­itical debates?

The open access intro­duction which also sum­marizes the var­ious Special Issues’ contri­butions is freely accessible online via SAGE Journals. For more information and the table of contents visit SAGE Journals.

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news-6331 Mon, 29 Jan 2018 08:20:00 +0100 How robust is the Non-Proliferation Treaty? https://blog.prif.org/2018/02/01/how-contestation-can-strengthen-the-nuclear-nonproliferation-regime/ Disputes about the NPT's normative meaning can strengthen the norm, Carmen Wunderlich and Harald Müller argue in their latest PRIF Blog post news-6319 Thu, 25 Jan 2018 12:30:36 +0100 The Turkish Military Operation in Afrin https://blog.prif.org/2018/01/25/turkeys-invasion-of-afrin-must-be-halted/ Francis O'Connor on PRIF Blog: Turkey's "Operation Olive Branch" is a marked escalation of its campaign against the Kurds news-6318 Wed, 24 Jan 2018 16:04:03 +0100 Guest Researcher from University of Kent https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/guest-researcher-from-university-of-kent/ Zhouchen Mao works on norm contestation and China's complex compliance with international norms at PRIF From January until May 2018, Zhouchen Mao will join the team of Research Department II "International Institutions", working closely with Lisbeth Zimmermann. He is a Ph.D. candidate in International Relations at the University of Kent. His current research project focuses on norm contestation and China's complex compliance with international norms. Prior to joining the University of Kent, Zhouchen worked at the International Crisis Group in Beijing doing research on a broad range of topics, such as China's evolving policy towards North Korea, maritime disputes in East and South China Sea. In addition, he has spent four months at the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs.

Zhouchen holds a Master’s degree in International Studies and Diplomacy from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. He was also awarded Bachelor of Arts Honors in Political Science from Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada.

 

 

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news-6310 Mon, 08 Jan 2018 14:31:49 +0100 Why do states object to the presence of foreign NGOs? https://blog.prif.org/2018/01/08/we-need-to-understand-why-states-object-to-the-presence-of-foreign-funded-ngos/ On PRIF BLOG Annika Elena Poppe and Jonas Wolff argue that the objections to NGO activity need to be taken seriously