HSFK News https://www.hsfk.de en_DE Peace Research Insitute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK) Tue, 21 Aug 2018 05:43:30 +0200 Tue, 21 Aug 2018 05:43:30 +0200 news-6452 Mon, 20 Aug 2018 09:58:25 +0200 DVPW Side-Event: Does the world need more coercion? https://www.hsfk.de/en/events/events/news/braucht-die-welt-mehr-zwang/ A debate to kick of PRIF's new research program "Peace and Coercion". Side Event of the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF) on the occasion of the 2018 Congress of the German Political Science Association (DVPW) The DVPW con­fe­rence starts on 25 Sep­tember 2018 in the after­noon at Goethe University Frankfurt. As a pre­lude, PRIF is in­viting to a round­table (lunch event) to dis­cuss em­pirical ex­perien­ces, theoretical re­flec­tions and po­li­ti­cal im­pli­ca­tions that concern the use or lack, shape and legi­ti­ma­cy of co­ercion in world po­li­tics. The de­bate will fo­cus on the ques­tion of whether and how the pro­vision of glo­bal pu­blic goods (and the pre­vention of glo­bal pu­blic bads) can and should be en­forced.

The back­ground to this event is PRIF’s new re­search pro­gram “Coercion and Peace”, which aims at shed­ding light on the am­bi­valent role of co­ercion in es­ta­blish­ing and main­taining peace. More spe­ci­fi­cally, re­search in the con­text of this pro­gram will in­ves­ti­gate whether and in what way dif­ferent types of co­ercion that aim at en­forcing in­ter­national norms and political order suc­ceed, and how this af­fects peace at the in­ter­national and intra-state level.

Parti­ci­pants of the round­table:
•    Jane Mansbridge, Kennedy School of Govern­ment, Har­vard Uni­ver­sity
•    Dirk Messner, Ger­man De­ve­lop­ment In­stitute / Deutsches In­sti­tut für Ent­wicklungs­politik (DIE)
•    Andreas Nölke, Goethe Uni­versity Frank­furt
•    Chair: Jonas Wolff, Peace Re­search In­sti­tu­te Frank­furt (PRIF)

Date: Tues­day, Sep­tem­ber 25, 2018, 12:00pm - 1:45pm.

Venue: Peace Research In­sti­tute Frank­furt, Baseler Straße 27-31, 60329 Frankfurt am Main

Please re­gister until Au­gust 31, 2018 by e-mail: niemack@hsfk.de

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news-6448 Thu, 09 Aug 2018 15:08:13 +0200 After the Afghan Eid Truce, Is There a Path for Peace? https://blog.prif.org/2018/08/09/after-the-afghan-eid-truce-is-there-a-path-for-peace/ Ahmad Aakhunzzada discusses the significance of the “Eid truce” between the Afghan government and the Taliban on PRIF Blog news-6450 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 14:38:00 +0200 Ernst-Otto-Czempiel Award goes to Simon Koschut https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/ernst-otto-czempiel-award-goes-to-simon-koschut/ “Normative Change and Security Community Disintegration. Undoing Peace” celebrated as best postdoctoral monograph Prof. Dr. Simon Koschut’s book “Normative Change and Security Community Disintegration. Undoing Peace” is honoured with the Ernst-Otto-Czempiel Award 2018 as the best postdoctoral monograph in peace and conflict research.

In his book, Simon Koschut focusses on the disintegration of security communities, and the subsequent breakdown of stable peace among nations, through a process of norm degeneration. Further, Simon Koschut raises the question on how to explain the collapse of security communities. In his analysis, he examines two case studies: The German Confederation, which was founded in 1815 and collapsed in 1866, serves as a historical example, while the NATO alliance showcases a persisting security community in the 21st century.

In the light of the Brexit and Donald Trump’s trade wars with Europe, Simon Koschut’s findings are highly relevant. His study advances the contemporary body of research on security communities. “His work combines a high level of theoretical reflexion and empirical case analysis” says Dr. Jonas Wolff.

The award ceremony will take place as part of PRIF’s Annual Conference “Verification in Crisis, the Crisis of Verification” in Frankfurt on September 21, 2018.

 

Further awardees of the Hessian Peace Prize

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news-6387 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 13:59:00 +0200 Conventional Arms Control in Europe https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/conventional-arms-control-in-europe/ Structural problems of a fresh start - PRIF Report by Hans-Joachim Schmidt With the illegal Rus­sian annexation of the Ukrain­ian pe­nin­sula of Cri­mea and the de­stab­ili­sation of east­ern Uk­raine in 2014, the pre­vious co­op­erative Euro­pean se­curity order has bro­ken down. This has led to a new con­front­ation with Russia, and the danger of a re­newed arms race between NATO and Russia is in­creasing. In parallel, the existing con­vention­al arms control regimes are at risk of further de­terioriation.

In PRIF Report No. 151 "A Fresh Start of Con­vent­ional Arms Control in Europe Will Face Many Struc­tural Problems" Hans-Joachim Schmidt ad­dres­ses the various structural prob­lems at the political and military level and dis­cusses what steps could be under­taken in the short, medium and long term.

Download (pdf, 340kb): Schmidt, Hans-Joachim (2018): A Fresh Start of Convent­ional Arms Control in Europe Will Face Many Struc­tural Problems, PRIF Report No. 151, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6433 Thu, 05 Jul 2018 15:02:58 +0200 Human Rights: From Alien to Inalienable? https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/human-rights-from-alien-to-inalienable-1/ Working Paper by Philip Lorenz on human rights violations and changing attitudes in the Indonesian security sector In Indonesia competing cultural and legal norms have been an obstacle to the acceptance of human rights. Security actors had a predominantly instrumental approach to human rights for at least the first decade after democratization, leaving room for covert violations. Working Paper No. 40 “From Alien to Inalienable? Changing Attitudes about Human Rights in the Indonesian Security Sector” therefore analyzes the extent to which human rights have been accepted by Indonesian military and police officers since democratization in 1999.

Author Philip Lorenz finds that few accept human rights fully but most pay at least lip service. Human rights have not been adopted as universal, are considered alienable or alien to Indonesia. Where security forces embrace an active role as defenders of human rights, there remains a gap in human rights protection. Marginalized groups suffer most from the resulting enforcement failure caused by competing normative convictions and unclear legislation. Future advocacy attempts should stress the active role of security forces in the pursuit of a comprehensive human rights regime and consider possible tensions between individual convictions and the universal claims of the international human rights regime.

Download (pdf, 293kb): Lorenz, Philip (2018): From Alien to Inalienable? Changing Attitudes about Human Rights in the Indonesian Security Sector, PRIF Working Papers No. 40, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6428 Thu, 28 Jun 2018 10:52:42 +0200 Blog Series: 2018 Elections in Turkey https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/blog-series-2018-elections-in-turkey/ PRIF Blog starts new blog series on the role of violence in the 2018 election campaigns in Turkey The blog posts in the new PRIF Blog series "Turkish Parliamentary and Presidential Elections 2018" will analyse the role of violence in the 2018 presidential and parliamentary election campaign in Turkey and how it has hindered opposition mobilisation, how minorities have adapted to the repressive political environment, the role of new actors such as the İyi party and pre-electoral alliances and culminating in an overview of the elections and their potential domestic and international repercussions.

Currently published articles on PRIF Blog:

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news-6423 Wed, 20 Jun 2018 11:25:33 +0200 The Practice of Protesting Deportations https://blog.prif.org/2018/06/20/protesting-deportations-on-the-importance-of-civil-disobedience/ Verena Stern and Sieglinde Rosenberger on the importance of civil disobedience (English only) news-6412 Tue, 05 Jun 2018 14:53:40 +0200 Dealing With China in the South China Sea https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/dealing-with-china-in-the-south-china-sea/ PRIF Report 3/2018 by Peter Kreuzer about Duterte changing course (English only) In 2013 the Philip­­pines brought a case before the Per­­ma­nent Court of Arbi­­tra­tion (PCA) against China over ter­­ritorial so­ve­r­eignty and mari­­time rights in the South China Sea. Ad­­mitted­­ly, they were suc­­ces­­sful before the court, but in the after­­math the ten­­sions bet­­ween both parties iten­s­i­fied drama­­ti­­cally - and no con­­flict re­so­lution was in sight. Philip­­pine Presi­dent Duterte, in­­au­­gu­­rated in 2016, as­­sumed a new stance. He offered to ignore the court ruling for the time being, in­­ten­si­­fied eco­nomic re­­lations and re-es­­tab­­lished bi­­lateral com­­muni­­cation chan­nels.

In PRIF Report 3/2018 "Dealing With China in the South China Sea: Duterte Changing Course", Peter Kreuzer pre­­sents two les­sons learned in deal­­ing with China: first, that ap­­ply­ing too much pres­­sure through legal in­­stru­­ments may in­­crease China's re­­sis­­tance and, second, that China's be­­havior can be in­­fluenced through strat­­egies that re­­spond po­­si­ti­vely to the country's core needs and pre­­di­­ca­­ments.

Download (2,33mb): Kreuzer, Peter (2018): Dealing With China in the South China Sea: Duterte Changing Course, PRIF Report 3/2018, Frankfurt/M.

 

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news-6382 Mon, 28 May 2018 11:12:00 +0200 Pragmatism as Principle: Hybrid Courts https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/pragmatism-as-principle-hybrid-courts/ The Comeback of Hybrid Courts - PRIF Report by Lisbeth Zimmermann At the turn of this cen­tury, a number of hybrid courts were es­tab­lished to pro­se­cute the most severe crimes com­mit­ted in war­ring and post-conflict societies. It was hoped that the de­cisions would be viewed as more le­git­imate and the courts could be more ef­ficient through local in­te­gration rather than the use of purely inter­nat­ional criminal courts. How­ever, inter­fe­rence by local elites, re­cur­rent fun­ding short­falls and a lack of owner­ship by inter­nat­ional actors quickly cooled en­thu­siasm for hybrid criminal pro­se­cution. Since 2013, how­ever, a new gen­eration of hybrid in­sti­tutions has been es­tab­lished.

In PRIF Report No. 150 "Pragmatism as Principle. The Comeback of Hybrid Courts" Lisbeth Zimmermann looks at what has been learned from the mis­takes of the first gen­eration, and what sig­ni­fi­cance hybrid courts could have in the future.

Download (245kb): Zimmermann, Lisbeth (2017): Pragmatism as Principle. The Comeback of Hybrid Courts, PRIF Report No. 150, Frankfurt/M.

The German version of the report: Download (261kb): Zimmermann, Lisbeth (2017): Prinzip Pragmatismus: Das Comeback der hybriden Gerichte, HSFK-Report Nr. 6/2017, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6403 Mon, 14 May 2018 12:39:44 +0200 Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/protest-movements-in-asylum-and-deportation/ Anthology on protest movements in asylum and deportation – co-edited by Verena Stern The an­tho­logy “Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation”, co-edited by Sieglinde Rosenberger, Verena Stern and Nina Merhaut, deals with con­tes­tations “from below” of le­gal policies and im­ple­men­tation prac­tices in asy­lum and de­por­tation in Germany, Austria and Switzer­land. The chapters con­tex­tualize, firstly, asylum policies in the re­spective countries, and focus, se­condly, on so­lidarity pro­tests against the de­portation of re­fused asylum seekers, refugee activism cam­paigning for re­sidence rights and in­clusion, and re­strictive pro­tests again the re­ception of asylum seekers.

The an­tho­logy is based on find­ings of the comp­arative re­search project “Taking Sides: Protests against the Deportation of Asylum Seekers”.

The an­tho­logy is avail­able as open access at Springer.

 

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news-6401 Mon, 07 May 2018 09:37:05 +0200 A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/a-ray-of-hope-for-afghanistan/ PRIF Spotlight by Ahmad Noor Aakhundzzada about the changing security situation in Afghanistan The security situation in Af­gha­nistan has changed sig­ni­fi­cantly over the last few years. The reasons for this are the per­sistent re­sis­tance of the Taliban and the emer­gence of the Islamic State (IS) in dif­ferent parts of the country. The fail­ure of the Afghan govern­ment and the inter­national community to bring peace and the rise of IS have sig­ni­fi­cantly in­creased the con­cerns of the re­gional players (Russia, Iran and Pakistan) re­garding their own security. Sud­denly they find them­selves on the same side, coun­tering IS and exer­ting pressure on the Taliban as well as on the Afghan govern­ment to­wards a peace­ful settle­ment of the Afghan conflict. And it seems that they are ready to play an as­sertive role.

PRIF Spotlight "A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan. Over the Last Few Years the Security Situation Has Changed Significantly" by Ahmad Noor Aakhundzzada analyzes the post-IS security situation in Af­gha­nistan and makes sug­gestions for the pros­pects of peace talks amidst the evol­ving policy shift of neigh­boring countries.

Download (pdf, 387kb): Aakhundzzada, Ahmad Noor (2018): A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan. Over the Last Few Years the Security Situation Has Changed Significantly, PRIF Spotlight 4/2018, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6398 Fri, 27 Apr 2018 11:48:18 +0200 Kim Jong-un plays a dangerous game https://blog.prif.org/2018/04/27/kim-jong-uns-gefaehrliches-spiel/ After the historic Korea summit: Hans-Joachim Schmidt comments on the results at PRIF Blog (German only) news-6393 Tue, 24 Apr 2018 11:39:58 +0200 No Impunity for Chemical Warfare https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/no-impunity-for-chemical-warfare/ PRIF Spotlight by Una Becker-Jakob about options for ending the use of chemical weapons Not too long ago, it seemed that chem­ical war­fare was a thing of the past. In re­cent years, however, the world has been troubled by news of state and non-state actors’ use of chem­ical weapons in Syria, with the re­ported attack in Douma on 7 April 2018 being only the latest in a long series of similar ac­counts. Such use poses a chal­lenge to the uni­versal chem­ical weapons pro­hi­bition as long as the inter­national com­munity is un­able to agree on a unified and deter­mined re­sponse and to find ways of hold­ing the per­pe­trators to ac­count.

In PRIF Spotlight 3/2018 "No Impunity for Chemical Warfare. What Are the Options for Ending the Use of Chemical Weapons?", Una Becker-Jakob argues that this situation must be over­come if chem­ical war­fare is to be con­signed to history for good.

Download (pdf, 652kb): Becker-Jakob, Una (2018): No Impunity for Chemical Warfare. What Are the Options for Ending the Use of Chemical Weapons?, PRIF Spotlight 3/2018, Frankfurt/M.

 

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news-6391 Mon, 23 Apr 2018 15:20:17 +0200 Controlling Drones: Preserve Past Achievements! https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/controlling-drones-preserve-past-achievements/ Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime – PRIF Report by Niklas Schörnig There are quite a few relevant inter­national regimes con­trol­ling the sale and use of drones. The MTCR (Missile Tech­nology Control Regime), originally set up to re­gulate the pro­li­feration of Weapons of Mass Destruc­tion missile de­livery systems, is widely con­sidered the main in­stru­ment for limit­ing the pro­li­feration of UAVs (un­manned aerial vehicles). In 2017, the MTCR turned 30 and calls are being made for the MTCR to focus solely on “trad­itional” rockets, missiles and cruise missiles because in its current for­mu­lation it too strongly curbs the sale of UAVs.

In PRIF Report No. 149 "Preserve Past Achievements! Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime (for the Time Being)", Niklas Schörnig warns against hollow­ing out the MTCR without re­placing it with a new and broader re­gime and re­commends safe­guarding the arms-control norms embedded within the MTCR.

Download (pdf, 192kb): Schörnig, Niklas (2017): Preserve Past Achievements! Why Drones Should Stay within the Missile Technology Control Regime (for the Time Being), PRIF Report No. 149, Frankfurt/M.

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news-6385 Wed, 11 Apr 2018 15:14:16 +0200 PRIF’s new research program started https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/prifs-new-research-program-started/ PRIF Report 2/2018 outlines the ambivalent relationship of “Coercion and Peace” PRIF’s new research program started in 2018. For the next five years the ambivalent relationship of "Coercion and Peace" will provide the framework for a significant part of the research conducted at the institute.

The present PRIF Report 2/2018 “Coercion and Peace. PRIF's New Research Program” outlines the new research program. It identifies overarching questions, crucial conceptual clarifications, and important analytical distinctions, as well as research gaps and research topics. Different research groups will focus on the conditions, forms, effects and kinds of legitimation that characterize coercion to peace as well as coercion in peace. The topic is not merely of academic relevance. By studying the complex ways in which coercion and peace relate to each other, the researchers aim at shedding light on the current plight of the international order and its consequences for international and intrastate conflict.

Download (pdf; 890kb): Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (2018): Coercion and Peace. PRIF's New Research Program, PRIF Report 2/2018, Frankfurt/M.

 

 

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news-6346 Thu, 29 Mar 2018 12:42:00 +0200 Contested Memories in Mozambique https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/contested-memories-in-mozambique/ PRIF Report No. 148 illustrates how contested memories shape Mozambican nation-building after the civil war - by Christoph Kohl In 2012, twenty years after the conclusion of the peace treaty, the armed conflict between the former civil war parties broke out again in Mozambique. In addition to political and economic imbalances, the root causes seem to lie in deep-seated conflicts over memory cultures between the respective supporters of the two civil war parties.

In his PRIF report “Armed Conflict and Contested Memory. A Plea for a Fresh Start in the Politics of Memory in Mozambique”, Christoph Kohl shows how a lack of reckoning with the past from the perspective of the politics of memory prevents successful, inclusive nation-building. He explains which instruments could be used to further process and negotiate the different strands of memory in order to initiate a lasting pacification of Mozambique.

Dr Christoph Kohl is an associated fellow in the research department “Glocal Junctions” at PRIF. His research subjects include processes of nation-building and ethnicity in Africa as well as the transfer of norms in development cooperation.

Download (pdf, 403kb): Kohl, Christoph (2017): Armed Conflict and Contested Memory. A Plea for a Fresh Start in the Politics of Memory in Mozambique, PRIF Report No. 148, Frankfurt/M.

 

 

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news-6364 Mon, 19 Mar 2018 17:00:00 +0100 Special Issue on African Peace Interventions https://www.hsfk.de/en/service/news/news/special-issue-on-african-peace-interventions/ African peace interventions seen ‘from below’: Politics and Disconnects – special issue edited by Antonia Witt Afri­can reg­ional organi­zations such as the Afri­can Union (AU) and the Eco­nomic Comm­unity of West Afri­can States (ECOWAS) are in­creas­ingly en­gaged in buil­ding peace and promoting demo­cratic gover­nance within their member states. The special issue of the South Afri­can Jour­nal of Inter­nat­ional Affairs, guest-edited by Antonia Witt, ex­plores Afri­can regional inter­ven­tions as ‘seen from below’.

By focus­ing on the practices and politics of those in­volved in im­plemen­ting, dea­ling with, or livi­ng under the effects of Afri­can inter­ventions it allows the ob­server to better under­stand the con­tested politics of Afri­can inter­ven­tions and dis­con­nects bet­ween grand reg­ional archi­tec­tures and their act­ual im­prints on the ground. Such a shift in pers­pective, Antonia Witt argues in her introductory article and in the conclusion co-authored with Gilbert Khadiagala, offers im­por­tant emp­irical, theo­retical, and norm­ative impli­cat­ions for the study of Afri­can inter­ven­tions.

The con­tributions to this spe­cial issue scrutinize dif­fer­ent sites and anal­yze the prac­tices of di­verse agents of inter­ven­tion, rang­ing from protest­ing civil society groups to liai­son officers and early warn­ing ex­perts. Case studies come from conflicts and reg­ional inter­ven­tions inter alia in Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar and Mali. The special issue unites con­tri­butions from dif­fer­ent disci­plinary back­grounds written by both re­searchers and prac­titioners from across Europe and Africa.

The special issue is the outcome of a workshop organized in January 2017 in Ouagadougou, which was funded under the DFG-Program Point Sud.

 

Publication: “African Peace Interventions Seen ‘from Below’: Politics and Disconnects”, Special Issue South African Journal of International Affairs, Vol 25:1.

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news-6363 Wed, 14 Mar 2018 11:49:04 +0100 Wahlen in Russland: Alles unter Kontrolle? https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/14/alles-unter-kontrolle-praesidentschaftswahl-in-russland-zwischen-regimestabilitaet-und-protest/ Die Proteste im Zuge der Präsidentschaftswahlen üben Druck auf Putins Regime aus. Ein Blogbeitrag von Vera Rogova news-6361 Mon, 12 Mar 2018 14:26:28 +0100 North Korea and the US: Ready for Peace? https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/12/sind-die-usa-zum-frieden-mit-nordkorea-bereit/ On PRIF Blog, Hans-Joachim Schmidt comments on the current developments between North Korea and the US (German only) news-6359 Wed, 07 Mar 2018 10:04:44 +0100 Illegal Ivory Trade, Wildlife and War https://blog.prif.org/2018/03/07/elephant-in-the-room-the-illegal-ivory-trade-wildlife-and-war Killing elephants is also a socio-economic driver of war. A new Blog post by Anton Peez