The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent court to prosecute war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. Conceived as a peace project, the ICC is considered a milestone in the fight against atrocities and a highlight in international legislation. In 2016 three African ICC Member States declared their withdrawal from the treaty, which rendered an ongoing crisis obvious. Besides Burundi and Gambia, also South Africa, a former staunch supporter of the International Criminal Court, decided to resign from the treaty. These withdrawals could have serious repercussion for the future of international criminal prosecution.
In HSFK-Report Nr. 11/2016 „Der internationale Strafgerichtshof auf der Anklagebank [The International Criminal Court in the Dock]“ Antonio Arcudi discusses how the relationship between the African Union and the ICC changed over time: from strong support to vehement opposition and outright refusal. The author explains this development, assesses the criticism against the ICC and provides recommendations on how to solve this ongoing crisis.
A printed copy of Report No. 11/2016 can also be ordered at PRIF for 6€.
Recommendations for further reading:
Caroline Fehl: Growing Up Rough: The Changing Politics of Justice at the International Criminal Court, PRIF Report No. 127 (2014) Frankfurt/M.
Clara Braungart: Von Uganda nach Den Haag, Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof und der Fall des ehemaligen Kindersoldaten Dominic Ongwen, HSFK-Standpunkt Nr. 2/2016, Frankfurt/M. (German only)