African Non-military Conflict Intervention Practices (ANCIP)
“African non-military conflict intervention practices” (ANCIP) is a competence network that aims to strengthen expertise on the various non-military practices of African actors in the realm of peace and security. The four-year project is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research in the funding line to strengthen peace and conflict research in Germany. In the competence network, researchers at the University of Leipzig, the University of Duisburg-Essen and PRIF will work together with an extended network of international partners in Europe and Africa. ANCIP combines empirical basic research with theory building and strategic policy advice. The goals of the collaborative project are the development of an online-based register of non-military interventions by the African Union (AU) and other sub-regional organizations (ECOWAS, IGAD etc.), the empirical reconstruction of non-military intervention practices and routines of selected African actors, as well as theory-building based on this.
The team at PRIF contributes two sub-projects specifically: The aim of project I is the systematic analysis of the role of special envoys (High Representatives, Special Envoys or Special Representatives) appointed by the AU and RECs (ECOWAS, IGAD) in regional non-military interventions. Specific focus will be placed on the knowledge bases, practices and scope of action of the respective special envoys, their institutional embedding, as well as their interaction and interfaces with other actors. Two comparative country case studies are planned (AU/ECOWAS in Mali, AU/IGAD in South Sudan). Project II aims to examine the practice of involving civil society actors in non-military interventions by AU and ECOWAS. Beyond formal cooperation and inclusion mechanisms, the project’s main aim is to reconstruct, on the basis of two country case studies (Mali and Guinea) and through a social network analysis, patterns of access for individual and collective local actors to regional non-military interventions as well as exclusion mechanisms at work.