Climate change, environmental movements and transformations of rural space in Colombia
Climate and environmental changes are massively transforming agricultural spaces in many parts of the world: soil is losing organic matter due to warming between droughts and floods, insects and especially plant pests are multiplying more. In addition, there is erosion and destruction due to direct interventions in nature, such as extractive raw material extraction or monocultures. These changes are understood and perceived differently by the people affected. Perceptions of nature, land and climate are shaped by different local cultural traditions, but are increasingly intertwined with debates and environmental organizations of a global dimension. In addition, the large-scale projects of globally active extraction companies have a concrete impact on the ground.
The research project investigates intersections of these multi-axial problems by examining exemplary conflicts over territories in Colombia. The project analyzes local responses to very concrete global environmental problems on the basis of the positions and context of environmental movements, peasant organizations and local political representatives.
Colombia is particularly suited for this research because of its protracted internal armed conflict, which in the departamentos of Santander and Norte de Santander also has a history of disputes over resource extraction. Mines and export industries have existed in this part of Colombia for over 200 years. Today, from the Páramo Santurbán to the Magdalena River, there are several large mining projects that directly affect various groups, from multinational companies to peasants.