Research department II studies international institutions – organizations, regimes and conventions. International institutions have traditionally been viewed as having an important function in maintaining peace and security. However, recent studies indicate that the peacekeeping abilities of these institutions vary and that they can even have an ambivalent effect and enhance the possibility of institutional crises. In view of this, research department II concentrates on the development, design, impact, possible change and disintegration of the international institutions that are charged with facilitating and preserving peace.
In context of the current research program Coercion and Peace (2018), research department II focusses on the ambivalent relationship between coercion and peace in and through international institutions. Key questions concern the occurrence, institutionalization, and effects of coercion by and in international institutions. Research is aimed at measuring the range of coercive means in international institutions, assessing strategies to legitimize them and analyzing how they impact peacebuilding.
The focus of the previous research program Just Peace Governance (2011-2017) was on the tension between peace and justice in institutional contexts. On the one hand, research concentrated on competing conceptions of justice in international institutions and how these affect the practices and outcomes of international peace policies. On the other hand, it was analyzed how competing claims for justice can be balanced and which institutional and normative precautions are needed to sustain peace.
- Democratization and Promotion of the Rule of Law of the Council of Europe in Middle and Eastern Europe since 1989 (finished)
- The Normative Force of Conflict: Norm Specification Through Processes of Norm Contestation
- Do All Roads Lead to Rome? Institutional Roadblocks to Human Rights Mainstreaming in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (finished)
- Norms, law and deviance: the international prohibition of torture
- Resource or danger? On the Ambivalence of Internal Critique in International Organizations
- State Capacity as a Moderating Factor for the Effects of Coercion on Compliance
- Parlamente in der Sicherheitspolitik
- The Leibniz Research Network "Crises in a Globalised World"
- The Collectivisation of International Security through Processes of Institutionalisation in Public International Law
- Modes of Decision-Making in International Organizations
- Drifting Apart: International Institutions in Crisis and the Management of Dissociation Processes
- Humanitarian Military Interventions
- Arms Control Approaches to Nanotechnology – The Contribution of Public International Law
- Fact-Finding in the Law of Armed Conflict
- Legitimacy Policy through Dialogue Forums? Global Economic Institutions and their Critics
- UN Policing – Legal Basis, Status and Directives on the Use of Force
- R2P: The Various Effects of Norm Contestation
- Norm Disputes: Contestation and Norm Robustness
- Police Reform in Fragile States: The Role of International Actors
- Regional Security Organizations as Building Blocks of a Just World Order?
- Salafism in Germany
- Contested World Orders
- Global Norm Evolution and the Responsibility to Protect
- Reconstituting Democracy in Europe (RECON)
- The International Organization of Democratic Peace
- Parliamentary Control of Military Deployments in Democracies
- Democracy and the Legalization of the Military Use of Force
- Justice and Peace Between the Global and the Local