Spotlight 02/23: China's New Global Security Initiative

by Pascal Abb | To the Publication

1 Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2022): “Xi Jinping Delivers a Keynote Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2022, April 21st, 2022.

2 Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2023): “The Global Security Initiative Concept Paper”, February 21st, 2023,

3 State Council Information Office (2020): “China's Armed Forces: 30 Years of UN Peacekeeping Operations”,

4 Alsen, Chris and Zheng Yixiao (2018): “„China’s Changing Role in Peace and Security in Africa,“ in: Alden, Chris et al. (eds.), China and Africa, London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2018, 45-70.

5 Drinkhausen, Katja and Helena Legarda (2022), „’Comprehensive National Security’ unleashed: How Xi's approach shapes China's policies at home and abroad“, MERICS China Monitor, September 22nd, 2022.

6 Kim, Patricia (2022). “Does the China-Solomon Islands security pact portend a more interventionist Beijing?”, Brookings, 6th May 2022.

7 Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, “Jointly Advancing the Global Development Initiative and Writing a New Chapter for Common Development”, 21st September 2022.

8 Wang, Xuejun (2018), “Developmental Peace: understanding China’s Africa policy in peace and security”, in: Alden, Chris et al. (eds.), China and Africa, London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2018, 71–86.

9 Abb, Pascal (2020), „From ‘Peaceful Rise’ to Peacebuilder? How Evolving Chinese Discourses and Self-perceptions Impact Its Growing Influence in Conflict Societies“, Journal of Contemporary China Vol. 30, No. 129. doi:10.1080/10670564.2020.1827353.

10 Tower, Jason (2021): “China and Myanmar’s Ousted Leaders: Mixed Signals, Cold Interests”, United States Institute of Peace, October 7th, 2021.

11 Reuters, “Ukraine sees some merit in Chinese peace plan”, February 25th, 2023.

12 The White House, “Joint Statement of the Leaders of the Five Nuclear-Weapon States on Preventing Nuclear War and Avoiding Arms Races”, January 3rd 2022.

13 Meier, Oliver and Michael Staack (2022), “China’s Role in Multilateral Arms Control”, Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

14 Ghiselli, Andrea (2021), “Protecting China’s interests overseas, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

15 Abb, Pascal, Robert Swaine and Ilya Jones (2021), “Road to peace or bone of contention? The impact of the Belt and Road initiative on conflict states, PRIF Report 1/2021.

16 Wuthnow, Joel (2017), “China's New “Black Box”: Problems and Prospects for the Central National Security Commission”. The China Quarterly, 232, 886-903. doi:10.1017/S0305741017001308.