The security situation in Afghanistan has changed significantly over the last few years. The reasons for this are the persistent resistance of the Taliban and the emergence of the Islamic State (IS) in different parts of the country. The failure of the Afghan government and the international community to bring peace and the rise of IS have significantly increased the concerns of the regional players (Russia, Iran and Pakistan) regarding their own security. Suddenly they find themselves on the same side, countering IS and exerting pressure on the Taliban as well as on the Afghan government towards a peaceful settlement of the Afghan conflict. And it seems that they are ready to play an assertive role. This PRIF Spotlight attempts to analyze the post-IS security situation in Afghanistan and to make suggestions for the prospects of peace talks amidst the evolving policy shift of neighboring countries.
Aakhunzzada, Ahmad Noor Baheige (2018): A Ray of Hope for Afghanistan. Over the Last Few Years the Security Situation Has Changed Significantly, PRIF Spotlight 4/2018, Frankfurt/M.