Radicalization of the marginalized? Dynamics of Islamist radicalization in Tunisia post 2011
Looking at the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) after the so-called Arab uprisings of 2010/2011, only Tunisia seems to be a ‘shining example’ of a successful (beginning of a) transition to democracy. At the same time, the country faces severe challenges, one being Islamist radicalization that is attracting public attention to the country: Since 2011, numerous terrorist attacks occurred and estimated 6.000 Tunisians have left the country to fight in Libya, Syria or Yemen. Furthermore, Tunisians have been playing a leading role in jihadist networks in Europe or have been among the highest ranks of the so-called Islamic State (IS).
In its search for explanations for radicalization, the academic literature offers a broad spectrum of possible reasons, political, religious and socioeconomic marginalization being one of them – a thesis that is found in research on the MENA region, Europe and the United States alike. Yet, while most authors agree that marginalization presents a background against which radicalization may be more likely to occur, an actual in-depth empirical analysis looking at both objectively measurable and perceived marginalization and examining its role in terms of radicalization and steering towards violence is still missing.
In her dissertation, Clara-Auguste Süß examines the nexus between radicalization and marginalization, against the background of social movement research and by a causal process analysis, while taking systematic account of other explanatory factors (e.g., transnationality, interaction with the state). Finally, the aim is to identify mechanisms for comparative and/or interregional research and to derive possible starting points for prevention and deradicalization efforts.
- The Socioeconomic Dimension of Islamist Radicalization in Egypt and Tunisia | 2019
Süß, Clara-Auguste/Aakhunzzada, Ahmad Noor Baheige (2019): The Socioeconomic Dimension of Islamist Radicalization in Egypt and Tunisia, PRIF Working Papers No. 45, Frankfurt/M.
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